Due Process of Law Within the United States

Topics: Law, United States Constitution, Due process Pages: 4 (1253 words) Published: July 3, 2012
Due Process of Law in the United States
Dannielle Rea
October 24, 2011
Austin Dunham Weidner

Within the United States, it is every citizen’s guaranteed right under the U.S. Constitution that no person shall be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without the due process of law. This concept applies to every aspect of the government, including the state, obligating them to uphold the right of due process. Defining the term of due process, understanding what it implies, and identifying how due process affects the criminal justice system is valuable knowledge for any American. The concept of due process applies to different aspects of law; however, primarily concerns the proceedings in which an individual, their property, or their liberty stand to be compromised by government or law, as incorporated by the due process clauses within the Constitution. Due process promises equal protection of the laws from both federal and state administrations, regarding either property or liberty. They are bound to carrying out sufficient procedures that ensure fundamentally fair government action is taken (New York State Department of Civil Service, 2002). The concept of due process is the general assurance that each level of American government upholds the constitution in the adversary process by operating fairly within the constructs of the law. Because due process directly relates to the adversary system an understanding of that system is necessary. Webster’s New World Law Dictionary defines the adversary system as “a method of adjudication in which active and unhindered parties, usually through their lawyers, contest with each other and present support in favor of their respective positions, usually through the examination and cross-examination of witnesses and the presentation of other evidence, to a neutral and independent decision maker” (n.d., 2011). Also dubbed the accusatorial system in criminal proceedings, the adversary system is a general...

References: Adversary System. (n.d.). Retrieved from yourdictionary.com: http://law.yourdictionary.com/adversary-system
Legal Information Institue . (2010, August 19). Criminal Proceedure. Retrieved from LII/Legal Information Institute: http://www.law.cornell.edu/wex/criminal_procedure
Meyer, J. F., & Grant, D. R. (2003). The Courts in Our Criminal Justice System. Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA: Prentice-Hall, Pearson Education Inc.
n.d. (2011, October 24). Adversary System. Retrieved from Legal-Dictionary: http://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Adversary+System
Definition of Due Process of Law. (n.d.). Retrieved from CriminalGovernment.com: http://www.criminalgovernment.com/docs/duproc0.html
New York State Department of Civil Service. (2002, October 20). CH 3 Due Process of Law. Retrieved from Hearing Officer 's Manual: http://www.cs.state.ny.us/pio/hearingofficermanual/chapter03-dueprocess.htm
Strauss, P. (2011). Due Process. Retrieved from LII/Legal Information Institute: http://www.law.cornell.edu/wex/due_process
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