Drugs - Agonist and Antagonist

Topics: Serotonin, Symptoms, Hypertension Pages: 13 (1731 words) Published: April 16, 2014

NT’s
Effects
Risks
Benefits
Legalized or Illegal

Agonist
Antagonist

Acid
Agonist at the serotonin receptors

Increase in blood pressure and heart rate
Dizziness
Loss of appetite
Dry mouth
Sweating
Nausea
Numbness
Tremors
Becomes delusional
Hallucinations
Impaired depth/time/shape/size perceptions
Panic attacks
Severe depression
Losing control
May treat disorders like alcoholism, PTSD and anxiety
Should be illegal cause it is widely misused by many
Barbiturates

Antagonist at neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor Lowers heart rate
Lowers blood pressure
Depress nerves in skeletal muscles
Cause erratic and unpredictable behavior
Slurred speech
May lead to pneumonia
Brain damage
Respiratory failure
Liver damage
Treats anxiety
Insomnia
Depression
Illegal for recreational used
Cocaine
Agonist at dopamine receptors

Irritability
Paranoia
Restlessness
Anxiety
Increasing sense of alertness
Elevated mood
Can caused a heart attack
Stroke
Lung damage
Kidney failure
Impaired ejaculation

Feel calm and relax
Feel one clear headed
Illegal
DMT
Agonist at the serotonin receptors

Hallucinations
Feeling as if time moves faster/slower
Distortion of colours
Double vision
Panic attackes
Bad/Goof trips
Mental Health
Emotional effects
Blood pressure

Illegal
Ecstasy
Agonist at norepinephrine receptors

Vomiting
High blood pressure
Increase in heartbeat
Nausea
Dilated pupils
Jaw and teeth clenching
Hallucination
Muscle stiffness
Depression
Insomnia
Anxiety
Paranoia

Treats patients that deals with psychiatric disorders
Illegal
GBH
Agonist at GHB and GABA receptors

Vomiting
Sweating
Sleepiness
Hallucinations
Memory lapses
Shallow breathing
nausea
muscle tremors
diarrhoea
Death
Seizures
Respiratory arrest
Works as anesthetics
Illegal
Heroin
Agonist at µ-opioid receptors

- feeling of euphoria
- users will go into an alternately wakeful and drowsy state sometimes called "on the nod." - Because heroin suppresses the central nervous system, the user experiences "cloudy" mental function. -pain relief

reduced sexual urges
constricted pupils
dry mouth
slow breathing rate
decreased heart rate and blood pressure
nausea and vomiting
reduced appetite.

Infection of the heart lining and valves, normally due to lack of sterile technique - Kidney disease
- increased risk of catching human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other blood-borne viruses. - dependence
constipation
menstrual irregularity and infertility in women
loss of sex drive in men
intense sadness
cognitive impairment
tetanus
damage to heart, lungs, liver and brain.

Relieve pain
Helps body get rid of toxins faster
Help calm the nerves

Stay illegal as it harms the body and is highly addictive
Ice

Agonist at TAAR1 receptor

Happiness and confidence
Talking more and feeling energetic
Repeating simple things like itching and scratching
-Increased sex drive
- Dilated pupils
Blurred vision
Dry mouth
Increased breathing rate
Severe headache
Tremors of the hands and fingers
Nausea
Excessive sweating
Dizziness
Increased blood pressure
Increased body temperature
Rapid and irregular heartbeat
Permanent damage to blood vessels in the brain, usually associated with very high doses (in extreme cases death may occur).

If taken in large amounts- Racing heartbeat, Fits Passing out Stroke, heart attack and death - Reduced appetite and extreme weight loss, Restless sleep, Dry mouth and dental problems Regular colds or flu, Trouble concentrating ,Breathlessness ,Muscle stiffness ,Anxiety, paranoia and violence ,Depression Heart and kidney problems Increased risk of stroke ,Needing to use more to get the same effect, Dependence on ice Treat narcolepsy

Help with ADHD
Help with dietary problems
Should stay illegal as there are greater risks than benefits Ketamine

Antagonist at NMDA receptor
increased heart...
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