The threat of punishment does not deter juvenile delinquency because if the juvenile is punished for his/her offense and is threatened by punishment their entire life without any update on the punishment then why would it be a legal punishment be any different? However, if a juvenile is being punished after doing wrong throughout life then the threat of legal punishment will be consider to be a strong deterrent. The first strategy is the general deterrence, the purpose of general deterrence is to discourage individual from committing crimes by setting examples of what will be consequence to deal with after committing a crime. However, children are punished less severally than adults. It is important that the threat of punishment to juvenile delinquency allows officers to reach out to such criminals in their schools that will only allow the judge to commit to severe penalties. In Addition an example of general deterrence is a “tow away zone” sign because it is to enforce the traffic laws and violate severe penalties. Thus, this can result from the perception of the public that there are traffic laws that needs to be enforced and that there is a risk of detection and punishment when it come to traffic laws being violated. Specific deterrence refers to the impact of the actual legal punishment on convicted law violators. Such deterrence emanates from life experiences with any further crime. However, if an individual is in fear to what punishment there is it is a possibility that it will only prevent him/her from committing a similar crime. A juvenile is set up to be punished by the state authorities’ knowing of their ordeal future misbehavior. An example of specific deterrence can be seen as the impact of the actual legal punishment on those who are apprehended. Specific deterrence can result from actual experiences with detection, prosecution, and punishment of offenders. Situational crime prevention strategies is the last strategy which is designed to make it...
References: (2005) Wadsworth, Chapter 3 Juvenile delinquency: the core (2nd ed.).
2007 SafetyNet: European Road Safety Observatory
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