DRUG ADDICTION

Topics: Drug addiction, Addiction, Substance abuse Pages: 7 (1904 words) Published: January 21, 2015


DRUG ADDICTION

Addiction in Philippines

Specific Purpose: To inform my audience of addiction in Philippines, and how addiction effects users, and Filipino. 

Controlling Idea: Addiction has components that influence the behavior in addicts, there are scientific reasoning, warning signs, and treatment alternatives. 

According to the National Institute of Drug Abuse about half Filipino have a loved one, a friend, or an acquaintance who is addicted to drugs. 

I. The definition of drug abuse is the compulsive use of drugs, to where the user has no effective choice but to continue. 

II. A person who becomes enslaved in these addictions, can lose their livelihoods, friends, family, possessions, and their own lives.  A. In the Philippines, in 2003, approximately 2 million people were admitted into treatment.  B. In the city of Manila, during 2003, 1,500 people were admitted into treatment.  C. Addiction is not only a problem for the user, but for the friends, family, and the entire country who contributes tax money that pay for criminals rehabilitation, and the clean up involved with the crimes they committed, to obtain the drugs they need. 

III. Why does a user go to outstanding situations to seek these substances? A. Addiction generally refers to the situation where drug use appears to control the users behavior.  B. Drugs become the number one priority of the user, and the other priorities are neglected.  C. Addiction compared to other behaviors has a intense motivational drive to get the drug.  1. Many factors influence drug addiction, such as personality, characteristics, peer pressure, and psychological stress. 

IV. Drug addiction varies from person to person, from drug to drug.  A. Drugs such as cocaine and heroin can addict their users after a few uses, and in rare cases the first hit.  B. Drugs such as codeine and alcohol require more uses to addict their users.  C. A person who is predisposed hereditarily, by the influence of their parents addiction, is more likely to become and addict then a person who is not genetically predisposed. 

V. Drug addiction has two components. 
A. Physical Addiction
1. When the body becomes accustomed to the effects of the particular drug.  B. Psychological addiction. 
1. This occurs when a drug has been used habitually and the mind has become emotionally reliant on it’s effects.  a. To relieve emotional pain. 
b. To have pleasure. 

VI. Scientist and medical professionals believe that addictive substances create dependence in the user by changing the brains reward functions, located in the mesolimbic dopamine system.  A. Drugs (through different degrees) cause the dopamine to flood the system in the brain, creating a brief rush of euphoria, known as the high.  B. The addiction presents a situation where the chemical activation of the brain mechanism controls the users behavior. 

VII. There are warning signs and changes in personality that a user presents while in their addiction, that may be obvious to others.  A. Being aware of these warning signs could help the user.  1. Many users are in denial, and are unaware of their addictions.  2. If you become aware of their addiction before hand, you could plan a intervention, that could possibility prove to the user that they are addicted and need treatment.  3. A few of the most obvious signs are loss of interest in family and friends, verbally and emotionally abusive, disappearance of money and valuables, not telling anyone where they are going, constant excuses, lying, poor self image, and no concern for anything. 

VIII. After a chronic user has been using for a long period of time their addiction, physical or psychological, change.  A. One change the addict will experience is an adapted tolerance to the amount of substance the user had been consuming.  B. Another is once the high wears off, the user becomes sober, and he is left feeling depressed and dissatisfied, and finds it...
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