Alcohol and Drug Addiction
This paper is a reflection of addiction in the United States and the statistics that prove addiction is a major issue within the country. Discussed in the paper will be first the primary causes of addiction and risk factors that may lead to an addiction in an individual. Going further into the problem, the cycle of addiction and how to break free of the cycle and an individual’s addiction is talked about. Since there are different drugs that can cause addiction, a breakdown of certain drugs is given. These drugs include alcohol, prescription drugs, heroin, and marijuana. Next, the side effects of drug addiction to the drugs chosen are described in depth as well as the signs that can be viewed in screening for drug addiction. Resources available to drug addiction are touched on and treatment options to explore what can be done if an individual does suffer from drug addiction. Finally, what human service professionals are doing to assist individuals who are addicted and how they can improve on training to ensure that addiction can be caught early enough to make a difference?
Introduction to Drug Addiction
Addiction is a chronic disease of brain reward, motivation and memory in individuals who submit to any number of different drugs available to them. Such chronic need for the drugs leads to manifestations biologically, psychologically, spiritually and even socially in any given individual (ASAM, 2014). These, however, are primary results so results may differ from one individual to another depending on how their body reacts to the specific drug. These feelings which turn into demands of brain reward lead to the individual pursuing the reward in which they find relief in further subjecting their bodies to such reward (ASAM, 2014). So what causes addiction? How can addiction be screened or treated? These are the questions that will be answered. Causes of Addiction
Depending on an individual, the cause of one’s addiction may vary or even possess multiple causes that lead to addiction. Environmental factors can be common depending on the drug of choice. Environment factors include the beliefs of an individual’s family, the attitude of one’s family and the exposure one gets from peers that may encourage the use of drugs. Genes may also play a role. If an individual has specific inherited traits and tries the same drug used by their family can lead to addiction (Mayo Clinic, 2014).
Certain risk factors have been identified in research conducted on addiction. Though risk factors may play a part in one’s drug addiction, it is important to remember that any individual may become dependent on a drug. These risk factors include: family history, sex, peer pressure, lack of family involvement, anxiety and depression, other psychological problems, and taking highly addictive drugs (Mayo Clinic, 2014). A family history of addiction occurs when addiction is common in families and the individual is directly blood related to the member of the family such as a parent or grandparent. An individual who is male is twice as likely to become addicted to a drug over a female who uses the same drug (Mayo Clinic, 2014). More common in young people, peer pressure can lead an individual to addiction. This factor is strongest when the individual associates with a group of peers who consistently use a drug. The individual feels it is necessary to subdue to the drug use to remain in the group. If an individual lacks attachment with their parents or not supervised by a parental figure; they are more likely to use and abuse drugs. Finally, when an individual suffers from a psychological problem such a depression, ADD, ADHD, or PTSD are more likely to depend on drugs as a way to make them escape from their mental problems (Mayo Clinic, 2014). Cycle of Addiction
An individual who has become addicted to a drug enters what is called the cycle of addiction. This cycle has seven...
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