Driving Under the Influence

Topics: Alcoholic beverage, Drunk driving, Driving under the influence Pages: 12 (4388 words) Published: August 29, 2011
Running head: Driving While Intoxicated

Driving While Intoxicated
American University-Online
Instructor Paul Jake

Table of Contents
Driving While Intoxicated4
DWI Offenders5
Type of Crime7
Facts and Myths9
Sanctions and Counter Measures10
Current Sentencing11
Current Preventions15
Proposed Solutions15


The objective of the research paper is to discuss the impact that driving while impaired by alcohol (DWI) plays in alcohol-related crashes/arrest and how to reduce alcohol-crash involvements. The paper will define drunken driving, statistics of drunk driving, classification, myths and facts, who are the drunk offenders, how to identify a drunk driver and recommendations. Driving While Intoxicated

Daily there are individuals who are occupants of a motor-vehicle where we are the driver or the passenger, however wherever we are seated in the vehicle we must be alert to the continual change around us. The driver, however, is responsible for the safety of the individuals occupying the motor-vehicle. Driving requires a variety of skills, so the driver must be alert and able to react to hazards. The driver must be able to see clearly and be able to judge distances and speed. When there has been consumption of alcohol many of the safe driving skills become impaired and affect the ability for drivers to safely operate a motor-vehicle and increase the chances of a crash. Impaired drivers that involve the consumption of alcohol are at times called or know as “driving while impaired” (DWI), “driving under the influence” (DUI) that are United States statutory offense, or “drunk driving”. Illegal per se: When the driver’s blood alcohol level is over .08percent when he/she was pulled over. Although the terminology may vary, alcohol-impaired driving is a leading cause of casualties on the roads. A driver’s impairment level is determined by his/her blood alcohol content (BAC) that is a measurement of alcohol in the bloodstream; normal measurement is mass per volume. An individual with a BAC of 0.04 percent has 0.04 grams of alcohol per 100 grams of blood. The United States has adopted driving with a BAC of 0.08 percent or higher illegal for drivers, while other countries vary from as low as 0.00 percent to 0.08 percent (ICAP, 2002). In addition there is a zero tolerance, nationally, on individuals 20 years or younger with legal drinking age of 21.

DWI Offenders

Drunk driving is one of the major concern to law enforcement and citizens of the community, because the offense is committed by a lot of people in our country, which includes law abiding citizens as well. “About one-fifth to one-fourth of drivers admitted to driven after drinking at least once within the past year and about five percent estimate that they were legally impaired. Drunk driving does not discriminate, however findings have shown that 80 percent are men who are white and/or Hispanic, between 25 and 44 years of age, high school or less education, non-white-collar employed, and unmarried are likely offenders (Beirness, Mayhew, and Simpson, 1997; NHTSA, 2003). Most of the drunk drivers are likely to be heavy drinkers and they might have drinking problems (Beirness, Mayhew, and Simpson, 1997). Drunk drivers under the age of 21 are twice as likely as older drivers to be involved in fatal vehicle crashes. (NHTSA, 1999)


Alcohol-related serious accidents have fallen over the past years. However, even one death is a needless tragedy that we must continue to battle daily. Serious traffic accidents in alcohol related crashes decreased by 3.7 percent between 2006 and 2007, these results show an estimated of 12,998 people killed in alcohol-impaired driving in 2007 down from 13,491...

References: Barton, G. (2008, October 21). One drunken driver 's tab: $365,000 - JSOnline. In Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved August 01, 2011, from http://www.jsonline.com/news/wisconsin/31446759.html
Beirness, Mayhew, & Simpson
Cosgrove, L. (Ed.). (2003, June). Center for Problem Oriented Policing | Home. Retrieved August 01, 2011, from http://www.popcenter.org/problems/drunk_driving/PDFs/NHTSA_2003b.pdf
Driving drunk can cost $20,000
Economic Impact of Motor Vehicle Crashes. (2000). In Home | National Highway Traffic Safety Administration(NHTSA) | U.S. Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 01, 2011, from http://www.nhtsa.gov/people/economic/EconImpact2000/index.htm
Hoffman, T
Impaired Driving. (n.d.). In Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved August 01, 2011, from http://www.cdc.gov/ncipc/factsheets/drving.htm
Kedzie, N
Zepnick, J. (n.d.). Wisconsin Legislature Data. Retrieved August 01, 2011, from http://nxt.legis.state.wi.us/nxt/gateway.dll?f=templates&fn=default.htm&d=indxauth&jd=A9
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