Dried Papaya Leaves as Organic Mulch for Tomato Plants

Good Essays
Dried Papaya Leaves as Organic Mulch for Tomato Plants

Abstract
Mulching in agricultural provides a safe yet equally profitable method of enriching and fertilizing the soil planted with crops. Most often-used mulches are of organic composition, such as dry leaves and barks. Unlike synthetic fertilizers and herbicides, these organic mulches pose no or little damage to the soil and crops.
In this study, the effectiveness of dried papaya leaves as organic mulch for tomato was tested. Papaya mulches in different thickness were applied on plots planted with tomato in three replications. After the determined period of mulch application, the researchers application, the researchers measured the height increases of tomato plants and the weed density in the plots. It was concluded that papaya mulch significantly promoted height increase of tomato plants and inhibited the growth of weeds. The best mulch was 3 inches in thickness.
Introduction
Usually defined as the use of organic and biodegradable materials to give plants the nutrients they need, organic farming proved to be the safest and most effective method of increasing and sustaining yield. Various methods fall under organic farming, such as composting, green manuring, legume inoculating, and utilizing animal manure as fertilizers.
Mulching is a simple process that increases soil fertility and regulating several factors affecting overall plant growth. In this method, a layer of material-the mulch-is placed on soil surface around the plant. The mulch is used to retard the growth of weeds, protect roots and stems from sudden or extreme temperature changes, reduce soil erosion by wind and water, retard runoff of rainfall, prevent soil pudding by breaking the impact of raindrops, and keep flowers and fruits from being spattered with mud during rainstorms.
Hypotheses
1. Treatment 2 (black plastic mulch) was the most effective mulch for growing eggplant in terms of:a. Controlling weedsb. Insect Countc. Number of damaged and

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Mulches can etheir be organic such as grass clippings, straw, bark chips and similar materials or inorganic such as stones, brick chips and plastic. Both orgainc- inorganic have numerous benifts.…

    • 1377 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Frog Leap Case

    • 1331 Words
    • 13 Pages

    2. Organic and Biodynamic growing techniques by building soil health through the use of cover crops and compost. Healthy soil means healthy plants. Compost was used to cover the pile.…

    • 1331 Words
    • 13 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Chapter 11 discusses three major practices that expose soil erosion and how they can be corrected . The three are Over- cultivation, Overgrazing and Deforestation. These are each all major problems in creating an unsustainable society. The good thing is that each of these causes of erosion can be corrected to create a more sustainable society.…

    • 860 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Mulch Research Paper

    • 591 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Everyone knows that mulch adds the finishing touch to landscaping, but did you know that it can also improve the health of your soil? Mulch is a multi-purpose tool with both cosmetic and physical benefits. Plus, it's easy and inexpensive. Today we're going to learn what mulch is, how it can help your yard, and how to mulch.…

    • 591 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    There are three causes of soil erosion over cultivation, overgrazing, and deforestation. All of these causes can be corrected in different ways. Over cultivation is when the land is repeatedly tiling and producing crops faster than the soil can restore resulting in a decrease in the soil value and productivity. One of the ways that over cultivation can be corrected is by a technique called no-till agriculture. No-till agriculture is a procedure where chemicals kill weeds and the seeds are planted without having to plow the soil. Fertilizer is another source of correction in over cultivation. Fertilizer is a process in which nutrients such as organic fertilizer and inorganic fertilizer are added to the soil to nutrient the crops. Organic fertilizers consist of manure and inorganic fertilizers consist of chemical fertilizers. Other methods are used to prevent over cultivation such as contour strip cropping and shelterbelts. Contour strip cropping is where the farmer will plow the land across rather than up and down which reduces the occurrence of water erosion. The rows of trees around the plowed land are called shelterbelts reducing the risk of wind erosion.…

    • 361 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Over cultivation is the practice of repeatedly cultivating and growing crops more rapidly than the soil can regenerate, leading to a decline in soil quality and productivity. Preparation in growing crop and after the harvest of crop, the soil is left exposed to erosion. Water and wind cause this erosion to take place. Plowing is frequently considered necessary to loosen the soil to improve aeration and infiltration through it, yet all too often the effect is just the reverse. The weight of the tractors cause the soil to become impacted which makes the soil more susceptible to erosion.…

    • 620 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    How is organic farming different from conventional farming? Organic Farming applies natural fertilizers such as manure to feed soil and plants. Crops are rotated, and farmers hand weed or mulch, to manage weeds. They give their animals a balanced organic diet and clean housing to minimize disease. Conventional farming uses chemical fertilizers to promote plant growth and herbicides to manage weeds. The farmers give their animals antibiotics and medicines to prevent disease. Some people buy organic food to limit their exposure to these chemicals.…

    • 365 Words
    • 1 Page
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Finally, the biggest “crop waster” in today’s farming is soil erosion. When trees are cut down, their roots are removed as well, loosening the fertile soil and making it prone to erosion. During floods or windy weather, the fertile topsoil is carried away, leaving the land barren and useless.…

    • 353 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Customer Profile Paper

    • 769 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Nowadays consumer are very concern and aware about the environments including about the foods which they consume. Healthy is the first issue which affect organic vegetables product. So the demand are growing for the certain market that really aware about their body and health. The Demographic Profile that consume the organic vegetables are mentioned as below on the figure 1.…

    • 769 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Artificial Turf

    • 1213 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Lawns act as natural filters taking up dust, pollutants, and particulate matter from the air and water. (Duvall, 1996.) Natural lawns purify rainwater and improve groundwater, they allow water to percolate and recharge the groundwater table. A lawn is one of the most effective plant materials to reduce runoff and prevent soil erosion. Most of the weight of a grass in its roots, which makes it very efficient at erosion prevention. Grass has an extensive system of leaves and roots, it is estimated that grass surfaces around the world trap up to 12 million tons of dust and dirt from the air each year. Over time, natural lawn provides a much-needed ecosystem for microorganisms in soils, which build beneficial organic matter and improve soil condition and…

    • 1213 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Organic farming can be defined by the proactive, ecological management strategies that maintain and enhance soil fertility, prevent soil erosion, promote and enhance biological diversity, and minimize risk to human and animal health and natural resources.…

    • 2073 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Organic Food Thesis

    • 308 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Growing organic foods also helps the soil it grows in. It reduces groundwater pollution by foregoing pesticides. Using pesticides in farming causes soil erosion, which in turn ruins the productivity and vitality of the soil. The USDA Agricultural Research Service conducted a study which showed that “organic farming can build up soil organic material better than conventional no-till farming”. They also found more carbon and nitrogen in organic farmland than conventional farmland. Another finding is that organic farming produces 18% more product than conventional farming.…

    • 308 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Mulching Research Paper

    • 477 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Use mulch: Mulch can be organic, such as bark or simply allowing grass clippings to stay on your lawn instead of bagging them after you mow. Or it can also be inorganic, such as plastic or lava rocks. Mulching is obviously the opposite of aerating your lawn. This form of residential weed control can keep weed seeds from reaching the dirt or it can keep pre-exiting seeds from sprouting. Since mulching will also kill the grass underneath it, it's best used around the perimeter of your lawn, where the grass is already growing the thinnest.…

    • 477 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Although practices vary, farmers who grow sustainable food to avoid weed, disease and pest problems, get nitrogen from natural sources like green manure and compost, practice soil conservation, minimize soil erosion and eliminate or limit the contamination of water with agricultural chemicals. The strategies they use to control pests are not harmful to the farmer, the consumer or the land and soil structure.…

    • 408 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Agriculture is one of the most crucial necessities all around the world. The amount of food grown and sold affects the resources that are used in production. To sustain life you need food but most people are blinded to what actually happens in all the stages of growth. With technology advancing the way it is it has become hard to trust your food and its purity and cleanliness. People don’t get deep into where all their food comes from. It starts from the farms. Depending on what type of farm you visit, you will see different things. Most farms are using fertilizer or other additives in their agriculture but there are also farms that are completely natural and organic. Depending on your beliefs, you may think organic is better than industrial and vise versa. Each has its own pros and cons. The use of organic practices in food and livestock has a positive long term effect on the earth and its environment.…

    • 692 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays

Related Topics