Drainage System in Kathmandu

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Current Status and Problem of Drainage System in Kathmandu Valley
A preliminary research proposal submitted for master’s degree
By- Sudeep K.C.

1. Introduction
Issues of drainage management have been a major problem in urban areas of Nepal especially in Kathmandu valley. The sewage and septic of every house is directly being drained into the rivers and rivulets. Rivers like Bagmati, Bishnumati, etc are being polluted due to ineffective management. This may be due to lack of co-ordination between various conflicting government organizations like dhal nikas bibhag, sadak bibhag and municipality.

1.1 Problem Statement
During rainy days the road is filled with water. The spread of various epidemic and endemic diseases like cholera, diarrhea, and dysentery increases in rainy season. There is no proper filtration techniques implemented in our country as we hear and see in most of the developed countries of the world. Besides this, the reputation of Nepal has been degrading day by day. Even the pedestrians have to put on their masks while walking on the streets and bridges. 2. Topic Definition
For the developing country like Nepal, problem in sewage and septic is rampant. Though government has made many commitments to improve the present status of sewage management but no serious actions has been taken in this regard. Wastewater treatment facilities are very limited, and where provided they suffer from chronic disrepair, maintenance and operation problems, and are often non-functional. If the rate of disposal of this sewage goes on with this present situation then it will be very hard for all inhabitants of the city. The problem has been further intensified by immense increase in population of urban areas which ultimately increases the problem. Besides this people’s greed and irresponsibility has added a layer on this problem as very less have made septic tank and mini-treatment system of their own.

3. Research Question
The primary objective of the



References: and Bibliography • http://www.adb.org • http://www.wikipedia.org

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