May 29, 2013
Dr. Mengele’s “Twins”
During World War II, horrible atrocities were taking place across Europe. Hitler created concentration camps to house the Jews that he planned to exterminate. One of these camps was called Auschwitz, and at this camp a cruel doctor began experimenting on children. Dr. Mengele’s favorite victims were twins he did horrible things on them. Dr. Josef Rudolf Mengele was born on March 16, 1911 in Gunzburg, Germany (Source 1). He graduated from the University of Munich with a Ph.D. in physical anthropology. He became the assistant of Dr. Otmar von Verschuer at the Institute for Hereditary Biology and Racial Hygiene (Source 1). He joined the Nazi Party in 1937 and the following year earned his medical degree. Dr. Mengele began his career at Auschwitz in the spring of 1943 as the medical officer responsible for Birkenau’s “Gypsy camp” and then promoted to Chief Camp Physician of Auschwitz II (Source 1). Dr. Mengele was known as a nickname “The Angel of Death” (Source 2). Among the different hideous medical experiments during his stay at Auschwitz, the most shameful were among involving twins. He was known for his passion for the waiting at the ramp for children arriving at the train station. When Dr. Mengele would have his twins they were treated different besides the awful experiments the children were called “Mengele’s children”. They were allowed to keep their own clothes and their hair but they were tattooed with numbers (Source 3). There are reports of purposely giving his patients diseases. He would go to the lengths of giving one disease to a twin but not the other. When one twin would die, the other was often killed to examine and compare the effects of the disease (Source 3). Another equally disturbing medical experiment he was involved with included a study assessing the effects of injecting children’s eye with various chemicals to access the effects of eye color (Source 3). “One day we were...
Bibliography: Cross, Robin. Victims of War World War II Series. (Source 2)
Joseph Mengele and Experimentation on Human Twins At Auschwitz. May 27, 2013. (Source 4)
The Holocaust Explained. May 19, 2013. (Source 3)
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. May 15, 2013. (Source 1)
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