Assignment Module 1
1. Discuss life and work of Dr. Maria Montessori and why is she referred to as a lady much ahead of her time? * Dr. Maria Montessori was born in Italy in 1870. Most of her life was spent in Rome. Her father Ale jandro was an accountant in government services. Her mother, Renilde , had good education for a woman of her time and was more open to the many transformations that affected daily life at the end of the 19th Century. Maria Montessori, an only child, she was a vivacious, strong-willed girl. Her mother encouraged her curiosity, which the rigid schools of her time did not. Maria Montessori’s quest for knowledge lasted life long. Maria Montessori attended male technical secondary school instead of traditional one and her favorite subject there was mathe matics. Initially she wanted to pursue a degree in engineering but she later pursued a degree in Medicine and became the first lady in Italy to do so. Maria Montessori graduated at the top of her class in 1896 with a diploma that had to be hand edited to reflect her gender. A month after graduation, she was chosen as part of a small Italian delegation to attend the Berlin Women’s Congress that had delegates from all over the world. Extremely pretty and well spoken, Dr. Montessori made a big splash with her speeches about women’s education and work conditions in Italy. In her second speech , she advocated an issue that still has not entirely been resolved in our own times: equal pay for equal work. Later , Dr. Montessori developed her medical career. She became involved with the neediest of patients. The neediest, she soon found, were what were then called “idiot children.” They were the mentally retarded who were kept in horrific conditions in asylums along with adults suffering severe mental illnesses. With her usual energy, she researched methods of helping them and soon gained fame for her remarkable successes. Maria Montessori later returned to university to study...
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