Douglas Mcgregor - Theory X & Y

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DOUGLAS MCGREGOR

FLOW
• PROFILE • WHY NOW ? .. • WORKS

INTRO

HIS STUDY

• THEORY-X • THEORY-Y

CONCLUSION

• RELEVANCE • APPLICATIONS

PROFILE-DOUGLAS MC GREGOR (1906-1964)
He graduated Wayne State University PHD in Experimental Psychology(Harvard) He was Born Published his Theory of X & Y in the book “Human Side of Enterprise”

Death

1906

1932

1935

1960

1964

HIS WORKS
• Douglas Mc Gregor is one of the forefathers of contemporary management thinking over 50 years ago he began investigating the importance of people to business. In order to thrive an organization needs to harness the intelligence, enthusiasm and commitment of all the employees. • He has worked extensively in this field and contributed through some of his works such as: 1. Human Side Of Enterprise 2. Leadership and Motivation 3. The Professional Manager (Posthumous Publication)

This book had an profound influence on management practices then. In it he basically: a)Challenged the prevailing belief that workers are inherently lazy b)He formulated two models, Theory X and Theory Y, based on his examination of the way people behave at workplace.

It has changed an entire concept of Organizational man and replaced it with a new paradigm that stressed human potential and emphasized human growth.

This book is perhaps the clearest statement of the managerial theory that is scientific in outlook and in approach , humanistic and democratic in spirit.

The most effective and the most equitable course of leadership is to satisfy the higher needs of workers on all levels the needs of self respect, initiative and recognition of competence.

This book attempts to bring the needs of the business executive and the contributions of the behavioral sciences in to an applicable focus. The problems in dealing with unions of government workers. Clarifies the legal and political considerations.

McGregor argued that managers operate from their personal view of how

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