Dorothy Johnson’s Behavioral Model: Theory Into Practice, Plan, and Evaluation

Topics: Nursing, Nursing theory Pages: 4 (1148 words) Published: August 12, 2011
Dorothy Johnson’s Behavioral Model: Theory Into Practice, Plan, and Evaluation

Linda De Meule

Walden University


May 15, 2011

Dorothy Johnson’s Behavioral Model: Theory Into Practice, Plan, and Evaluation
The behavioral model of care was the result of many years of reflection and study by Dorothy Johnson. The major drive in her publications and teachings validates that nursing is a distinct and separate science from medicine (Parker&Smith, 2010). In this she focused on the person as separate from the disease process. The purpose of this paper is to introduce, and describe the behavioral model, as well as its founder, and give a brief critical appraisal using the evaluation criterion by Meleis (2004). I will also describe the behavioral system model, as it would apply to my practice area and the challenges this will bring. Theory Overview

The beginnings of Dr Johnson’s behavioral systems model (BSM) are based in her pediatric background as well as intercultural theories on child rearing, and Talcott Parson’s sociology theories (Tourville &Ingalls, 2003). This as well as many other sources supported her beliefs in BSM. Dr Johnson viewed nursing as being concerned with the whole person. Nursing could be identified by actions and goals that impacted the person as a behavioral system (Botha, 1998). In generalities of purpose the model helps to define the specific subsystem deficit and brings nursing in to exhibit an influence to right the balance and steady the “boat” to continue the journey. The rationale as it relates to nursing is that the nurse sees the patient holistically as a behavioral system and medicine primaries the biological system, thus the nurse seeks to restore the behavioral balance or at least optimize what can be achieved (Parker& Smith, 2010). Theory Description

Dorothy Johnson uses five core principles of systems thinking in her model and was the first to provide a guide to under standing as well as a...

References: Botha, M. (1989). Theory development in perspective: the role of conceptual frameworks and models in theory development. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 14(1), 49-55. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Derdiarian, A. K. (1990). Effects of using systematic assessment instruments on patient and nurse satisfaction with nursing care. Oncology Nursing
Forum, 17(1), 95-101
Meleis, A. I. (1991). Theoretical nursing: Development and progress. (2nd ed). Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Company
Parker, M., & Smith, M. (2010). Nursing theories & nursing practice (3rd ed.). Philadelphia: F.A. Davis
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