Inequality refers to the way socially defined groups of individuals are positioned within their society as gender, class, age and ethnicity. This also involves the unequal distribution of social goods and services such as the labour market, health care and education (Chenoweth & McAuliffe 2012). Inequality can have many negative effects on the community and the way we live in our society. Donnison (2013) examines inequality in Britain and the damages most people will experience during their course of their life. This is particularly apparent in reduced life expectancy and more damaging social problems with such concerns as social justice, inequality and human rights (Donnison 2013). Distribution of income is the main indicator of inequality but certainly not the only dimension. Donnison (2013) discuses other issues relating to inequalities in the United Kingdom including class, issues around mental health, employment and wages. We can than relate these issues to the Australian context as inequalities are experienced on a global level.
Income security and stability is one of the main fundamentals for an individual and the ability to exercise their rights and responsibilities of social citizenship (Jamrozik 2009). People receive income in a variety of forms and through the use of different means and measures. Jamrozik (2009) discusses how it is the lack of access to income that relates to social and economic exclusion. For us as Australians the main source of income is employment either through the labour market or shares from savings or investment. For other people the pension or government allowances are the main or possibly even the solitary source of income and they are extremely reliant on this (Jamrozik 2009). Donnison (2013) talks about with the help of full employment Britain was able to reach their hopes of being an egalitarian society and by the 1970s this was a reality for the country. Since this time there has been a significant turnaround within...
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