1. Thomas Edison, the inventor of the phonograph, thought it would be useful as a dictation machine.
2. When radio began to gain in popularity, sales of records and record players skyrocketed.
3. TV's rising popularity affected radio, but not the recording industry. Ans: F
4. Rock music has roots in several musical genres, including rhythm and blues. Ans: T
5. The dawn of the '60s brought a new cleancut breed of rock star, thanks to American record companies' desires to increase profits.
6. Although some American recording artists were prominent during the 1960s, the music scene became dominated by the "British Invasion."
7. Heavy metal music emerged as rock became part of the counterculture. Ans: T
8. Downloading ring tones is big business – Billboard magazine even has a chart listing the most popular ring tone downloads.
9. The music industry can be divided into three main segments: production, distribution, and consumption.
10. Rack jobbers are record distributors who sell directly to the consumer. Ans: F
11. Ownership in the recording industry is less concentrated than any other media industry.
12. In the recording industry, the distribution department is responsible for getting music played on radio stations.
13. Because legally downloading music is so popular, the recording industry is no longer concerned about illegal downloads.
14. Record companies charge a higher rate to phone companies than they charge online services to offer songs for downloads..
15. The Billboard charts are the recording industry's most significant source of feedback. Ans: T
16. The gramophone recorded onto a disk; its predecessor (the graphophone) recorded onto a:
A. paper wheel
D. plastic tube
E. clay rod
17. At the dawn of the 1900s, visitors to penny arcades and amusement parks could pay five cents and listen to a brief recording through a machine called a _________. A. jukebox
B. cylindrical recorder
E. penny gramophone
18. The Great Depression had a severe impact on the recording industry, but thanks to the ______, the industry again became profitable.
B. merger of RCA and Columbia
C. sale of sheet music
D. popularity of dance competitions
E. evolution of jazz
19. By World War I, record players were commonplace and the recording industry enjoyed a boom period that lasted until:
A. radio gained popularity
B. the Jazz Age
C. the Great Depression
D. World War II
E. the mid 1960s
20. By 1960, record companies wanted to clean up rock's image: A. which had been hurt when Elvis joined the Army B. even though Payola hadn't done any harm
C. but couldn't find any musicians that would fit the desired new image D. because rock had so much money making potential E. because the RIAA code didn't allow indecency
21. The iPod is notable because it:
A. created a whole new cottage industry (iPod accessories) B. allowed “podcasts”
C. has had a cultural impact
D. gave birth to a new radio format
E. all of these
22. In the recording industry, revenue_____.
A. has not been affected by illegal downloads
B. from legal downloads is decreasing
C. from CD album sales is increasing
D. all of these
E. none of these
23. Which of the following best fits into the talent segment of the recording industry? A. audio engineers
C. rack jobbers
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