Power and Control
Domestic violence as well as emotional abuse are behaviors used by one person in a relationship as a means of control over the other person. The status of the relationship between those in a domestic violence situation varies. They can be married or unmarried; heterosexual, gay, or lesbian; living together, separated or just dating. One in every four women will experience domestic violence in her lifetime. That is an estimated 1.3 million women becoming a victim of physical assault at the hands of an intimate partner each year. Although a vast majority at eighty-five percent of victims being women anyone can fall into the role of being battered regardless of age, sex, race, culture, religion, education, employment or marital status. Women ages 20 to 24 have the greatest risk of becoming victims of domestic violence. (1) It is estimated that each year about 960,000 cases of domestic violence are reported each year, that is without the inclusion of those that go unreported. (2) About three to four their husbands, ex-husbands or lovers beat million women inside their homes. With that being said one woman is battered every fifteen seconds by her partner. (1) Victims of domestic violence do not possess a set of universal characteristics or personality traits, but they do share the common experience of being abused by someone close to them. Although not as common, men can be the victims of abuse as well. An estimated 835,000 men are physically assaulted by their partners, that is every one out of fourteen men. (9) Domestic violence as we know it most commonly occur behind closed doors otherwise known as the home. (8) However, it is not limited only to the home. Some batterers use publicly embarrassing their partner as a tool of abuse. This can occur in front of friends and family or even at the workplace. They tend to constantly monitor their victim in public places in order to keep them within their control and to keep the fear high. With this the victims are not able to predict when or where their abuser might show up, keeping them prisoner to their fears. The intention of the batterer is to maintain their power and control over their partner and if they want to maintain their control, being in public makes no difference to them. (7) EXPLANATION:
It’s common for onlookers to question why the victim did not leave but in such a situation its no longer walking away, it becomes escaping. Fear is an unpleasant emotion that is induced by a threat perceived by living entities, a change in brain and organ function resulting in a change in behavior is caused. (5) Domestic violence has a combination of psychological and sociological effects on its victims. (12) Arthritis, hypertension and heart disease has been identified as some of the effects directly caused or aggravated by domestic violence. Those affected by this type of abuse might be able to escape their situations but that doesn’t mean they are able to completely leave it behind. They face challenges with post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, and dissociation. (4)
Post-traumatic stress disorder is a mental health condition triggered by a terrifying event such as abuse. Depression is the prolonged feeling of sadness or hopelessness and unexplained crying and loss of energy. In addition to that is dissociation, which is the feeling that one has “checked out”. (4) Those with an abusive past have a hard time trusting others for they fear inviting the same violent situation back into their lives. Victims often lose their jobs because of the inconsistencies in their attendance caused by court dates, unexplainable bruises, or fear of running into their abuser. Along with that they move a lot to avoid violence which is a costly task and interferes with them continuing employment.
Sociologically they keep to themselves even after the abuse has been eliminated. Resulting from the isolation they experience they become socially...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document