Domestic Violence and the Criminal Justice System

Topics: Domestic violence, Abuse, Child abuse Pages: 12 (4372 words) Published: April 13, 2014


Intro to Criminal Justice – CRJU 1310
How Might Law Enforcement Effectively Respond to Domestic Violence

22 November 2013

Introduction
Domestic violence is an extremely common problem in today’s society. When thinking of domestic violence the every day definition is violence or abuse against one’s partner. According to the Domestic Violence Organization more than three women are brutally murdered by their husbands or boyfriends (Cook, 2013). Many times abusers do not get brought to justice. To break down how law enforcement might better respond to domestic violence, the use of the SARA model is required. The SARA model stands for Scanning, Analysis, Response, and Assessment (Schultz, 2013). The scanning section defines multiple issues: recurring domestic violence problems concerning the public and police, consequences of domestic violence for the community and police, prioritizing domestic violence problems, developing broad goals for domestic violence, confirms that domestic violence actually exists, defines how frequent domestic violence is and how long that it has been taking place, and selects domestic violence problems for closer review (Schultz, 2013). Analysis of the SARA model encompasses various issues: identifying and understanding events and conditions that precede domestic violence, identifying relevant domestic violence data to be collected, researching what is known about domestic violence, taking inventory on how domestic violence is addressed and the pros and cons of the current solutions, narrow the scope of domestic violence, identifying a source that can be of use in developing a deeper understanding, and developing a workable hypothesis about why domestic violence is occurring (Schultz, 2013). Response in this model is dedicated to many aspects: brainstorming new interventions for domestic violence, searching for communities with similar domestic violence problems and review their solutions, choosing among the intervention alternatives for domestic violence, outlining a response plan to identify and hold the parties involved in domestic violence responsible, stating the specific objectives for the domestic violence response plan, and carrying out the planned activities for domestic violence (Schultz, 2013). The last part of the SARA model is the assessment which covers a multitude of things: whether or not the domestic violence plan was implemented, collected pre and post response qualitative and quantitative data for domestic violence, if the broad and specific goals were attained for the domestic violence issue or not, any new strategies identified to help with domestic violence, and the conduction of ongoing assessment to ensure effectiveness for the domestic violence response plan (Schultz, 2013). Scanning

In response to the problem of domestic violence, deep probing is needed to identify causes and solutions. To better understand what the material is about, the understanding of the purpose of crime analysis is a necessity. The University of Maryland defines crime analysis as “the systematic study of crime and disorder problems as well as other policy-related issues- including sociodemographic, spatial, and temporal factors- to assist the police in criminal apprehension, crime and disorder reduction, crime prevention, and evaluation,” (Boba, 2008). Crime analysis uses both quantitative and qualitative data (Santos, 2013). Qualitative measuring is used when you examine non-mathematical data to understand the reasons behind crime (Santos, 2013). Quantitative measuring is used when dealing with mathematical data (Santos, 2013). The understanding of crime analysis is essential to being able to know where the statistics of domestic violence are coming from. Sociodemographic, spatial, and temporal characteristics are the types of crime analysis most often used (Santos, 2013). Sociodemographic characteristics are...

References: Boba , R. (2008). Crime analysis training and technical assistance for maryland. Retrieved from http://www.crimeanalysis.umd.edu/crimeanalysis.php
Cook, P
Domestic violence resource center. (1999). Retrieved from http://dvrc-or.org/domestic/violence/resources/C61/
Geller, J
Schultz, P. (2013). Center for problem oriented policing. Retrieved from http://www.popcenter.org/about/?p=sara
Smith, M., & Segal , J
U.S. Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Office for Victims of Crime. (2001). First response to victims of crime. Retrieved from
http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/ovc/publications/infores/ firstrep/2001/welcome, html
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