Dog Emergencies

Topics: Wound, Urinary tract infection, Urine Pages: 7 (2295 words) Published: May 1, 2014

1. Poisonous/Toxic Substances
2. Hit by Car
3. Bleeding/Lacerations
4. Fight Wounds
5. Seizures
6. Limping
7. Prolonged Labor
8. Vomiting/Diarrhea
9. Bloat
10. Allergic Reaction/Facial Swelling/Anaphylaxis
11. Vaccine Reaction
12. Paralysis
13. Urinary Problems
14. Broken/Ripped/Bleeding Toe Nail
15. Nail Clipped Too Short
16. Dog Got Skunked
17. Dog Ate Bones
How To Check Vital Signs
Adminstering Over-The-Counter Drugs

Hit by Car.
Any animal that is hit by a car should be evaluated immediately, even if the animal seems fine and there are no outward appearances of injury.  Injuries from cars vary greatly and can include lacerations, abrasions, fractures, internal hemorrhage, and organ damage.  Initially, signs may be mild but can progress over several days. Therefore, immediate veterinary attention is warranted. Return to Top

Use a clean cloth to apply firm direct pressure to the wound for five full minutes.  Wounds that have not stopped bleeding during this time should be evaluated immediately.  Small, superficial abrasions will likely heal on their own.  Clean the wound with soap and water and apply a thin layer of topical antibiotic, such as Neosporin.  Larger and deeper lacerations may require stitches, the sooner this happens, the faster it will heal.  Lacerations on the face, feet, and tail will often bleed more profusely than lacerations in other areas, especially if the animal is agitated and shaking it's head.  Any laceration has the potential to become infected, so even a non-emergency laceration should be seen the next day to see whether antibiotics are required. Return to Top

Fight Wounds.
Separate the animals and allow them to calm down so you can evaluate the extent of the injury.  Stop any bleeding by applying firm direct pressure for five minutes. Then clean the wounds with soap and water.  Wounds from fights between animals can result in injuries ranging from mild to severe. Superficial lacerations and punctures, as discussed previously, may be the only external sign of injury.  However, penetrating puncture wounds over the neck, chest, and abdomen can cause internal injury.  If you suspect a deep puncture wound, or the animal is having difficulty breathing or showing other signs of distress, they should be seen immediately.  Bite wounds usually become infected after a few days, so even non-emergency wounds should be evaluated the next day so the animal can be placed on an appropriate antibiotic. Return to Top

Seizure activity can vary from violent grand mal seizures to smaller less severe tremors.  They are extremely nerve-wracking to witness and are often accompanied by salivation, urination, and defecation.  Most seizures last between 1-3 minutes, followed by a period of disorientation and stupor. Do not touch an animal that is having a seizure or attempt to put anything in their mouth.  Seizures can be due to a wide variety of causes including epilepsy, toxic ingestion, head trauma, infection, liver problems, electrolyte imbalance, brain tumors, etc.  Seizures in diabetic animals and in young puppies (especially toy breeds) and kittens are often caused by low blood sugar.  In these cases, a small amount of karo syrup or sugar water can be given once the animal has regained the ability to swallow.  Animals that have repeated seizures, a seizure lasting more than five minutes, or additional symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea, weakness, or altered consciousness need to be seen immediately.  Animals that have one seizure and then seem to recover fully should still be seen the next day so that an exam and bloodwork can be done to help determine the underlying cause. Return to Top

Limping is one of the most common veterinary complaints, especially in dogs.  The list of ailments that can cause limping is extensive and includes: musculoskeletal injury (fracture, sprains, ruptured cruciate ligament), infection of the toes/ pads/...
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