Does ISIS have Power, Legitimacy and authority in Iraq? Discuss. The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria is a self-proclaimed Islamic jihadist group with the aim of establishing a caliphate, a state of Muslim which follow Islamic sharia. They have justified their act as Islam and an act that the God has given right to build their state, Islamic state. Is it legitimate for the ISIS to use the power and form an Islamic state in the Levant? I will explain in terms of authorities explained by Max Weber, in his sociological and philosophical work. Are they using power to form an Islamic state or it is the use of authority entitle to them by social structure, Islam and its followers. Is it a faulty generalization? They are just using the name of Islam which the general Muslim Ummah does not accept. Max Weber defined Power as the chance of a man or number of men to realize their own will in a communal action even against the resistance of others who are participating in the action (“Elements in Political Science”). Thus Power is use legally or illegally to gain self-interests by neglecting the interests of others. Power can be gain through various means like by weaponry as Mao Tse-tang remarked “Power grows out of the Barrel of Gun” (“Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists”). Wealth is also a source of power, as different organizations support the candidates during election fiscally which gives them power and protects their rights by lobbying like Gun lobby in America. Thus by putting their share through wealth their came up a power in them, which protects their rights by lobbying or by giving contracts to specific contractors which gives financial help at elections. In addition to these the number of peoples supporting them and the strategic location which either protect them or they can control the flow of resources can also be a source of Power. If the insurgent group has control of any natural resources then it gives them much more power because it is a source of threat for government that they might destroy it or miss use the natural resource. In Political Science there are two types of powers, Soft power and hard power. Soft power includes the use of influence; incentives to make the game in once own favor. If a contractor gives corruption to take the auction then it is categories as soft power. Secondly there is hard power which includes the use of force to take control. If a legitimate government use force like Police force, etc. to control public then it is a legitimate power but if an insurgent group use coercion to harass public then it is illegitimate force. A Political regime which is enforcing powers is legitimate if it has given assent by the people as a ruling party by their free choice, elections. Thus it is legitimate for the ruling party to enforce restricted power defined by the constitution for the tenure. Thus the constitution defines the power which is legitimate for the political regime to implement for the cause of national benefit. The constitution by giving freedom of choice gives an individual right to vote for their ruling party and the ruling party thus gets the right to govern. Thus the vote gives them legitimate power to govern. The regime prevails for a long time if it has legitimacy but it is not for granted. In 1987 there was a legitimate regime in Soviet Union but it was disintegrated in 1990 due to internal conflicts. According to Marx Weber’s Archimedean principle of Sociology of rule, no rule can last if it lacks a legitimate basis. The state requires a legitimating foundation that can provide validity for its order. (“Max Weber's Theory of the Modern State: Origins, Structure and Significance”). There are different types of legitimacy i.e. Islamic tradition, Marxist tradition and laborer tradition. In Islamic tradition the successor derives its legitimacy from priestly Koranic interpretations like in Iran while in Marxist tradition the ideas were more in favor of...
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