Does Capital Punishment Deter Crime?

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Literature Review Analysis Response Paper

by Tashi Martin

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April 1, 2013

In the article Inequality: Causes and Consequences, Kathryn M. Neckerman and Florencia Torche discuss the existing patterns, causes and consequences of economic inequality in the United States, including inequality of earnings, wealth, and opportunity. Their research refers to the social and political causes and consequences of inequality in such areas as “health, education, crime, social capital, and political power” (Neckerman & Torche, 2007, p. 335). In addition, they discuss world inequality, exploring the major inequality trends across different nations. The researchers of this article have the major goal – to help readers to better understand the roots of this social problem and its effects on people, organizations and labor markets.

In fact, economic inequality in the United States constitutes a social problem which required the appropriate solutions. According to George Ritzer (2004), “problems associated with economic inequality are closely linked to the level of development, with inequality being a far greater problem in developed nations than in less developed countries” (p. 10). Undoubtedly, such social problem as economic inequality can be found both in developed and developing countries. In the United Sates, this issue is of great importance as the American nation is based on the principle: all people are created equal and should be treated equally. Most Americans believe that they are a part of the middle class that command a large part of American society. However, today there is an evidence of certain economic differences between the rich and the poor, although the United States provides equal opportunities for personal development. According to Neckerman and Torche (2007), in the United States, the obvious economic disparities started to rise in the1970s, while the



References: Becker, G. S. (2009). Human Capital: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis, with Special Reference to Education. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Brinkerhoff, D. B., White, L. K. & Ortega, S. T. (2007). Essentials of Sociology. Belmont: Cengage Learning. Carbaugh, R. J. (2011). International Economics. Mason: Cengage Learning. Jain, T. R. & Khanna, O. P. (2007). Development Problems and Policies. FK Publications. Kawachi, I. (2000). “Income Inequality and Health” in the book Social Epidemiology ed. by Lisa F. Berkman & Ichiro Kawachi. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Neckerman, K. M. & Torche, F. (2007). “Inequality: Causes and Consequences.” The Annual Review of Sociology, 33: 335–57. Pare, P. (2006).Income Inequality and Crime Across Nations Reexamined. Diss. The Pennsylvania State University. Ritzer, G. (2004). Handbook of Social Problems: A Comparative International Perspective. London: Sage Publications. Thompson, G. F. (2007). “Global Inequality, the Great Divergence and Supranational Regionalization” in the book Global Inequality: Patterns and Explanations ed. by David Held and Ayse Kaya. Cambridge: Polity Press. Tracy, M. (2010). Kalecki’s Principle of Increasing Risk and Keynesian Economics. Oxon & New York: Routledge.

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