Does AmerVirtue ethics...

Topics: Ethics, Morality, Deontological ethics Pages: 3 (978 words) Published: March 3, 2014


Ethical and Moral Perspectives

Ethical and Moral Perspectives
This is an essay comparing the similarities and differences between virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics. All theory address ethics and morality somewhat differently. I will use a personal experience to explain virtue, values, and moral concepts related to one of the theories.

. Similarities Between Virtue Theory, Utilitarianism, and Deontological Ethics. Doing what is right being the basic similarity common to virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics. All the theories identify to uphold justice and responsibility. Morality is a consideration of all three. There is a general agreement among the public or citizens as to what is best. They are similar in wanting what is right. They all focus on a good outcome. For any moral to work, the citizens have to be in agreement of what is best. Differences Between Theories.

There are some differences between ethical theories. In virtue ethics, the practitioner is more flexible than the rigid “decision based” practitioners of utilitarianism and deontology. Utilitarianism differs from virtue ethics as it is a theory that suggests that an action is morally right if the action produces more total utility for the group. They believe in pain and pleasure unlike the other two theories. Motives are not often addressed in utilitarianism, but consequences are, depending on the motivation. Deontological theory is on personal freedom and rights pertaining to his well-being. Boylan (2009) stated “Virtue ethics promotes community orientation that works in the opposite direction of the expression and protecting of individual liberties and rights” (p.156). Virtue ethics believe that favoring some over others is natural. Deontologists base their decisions on conventional reasons. The basis of deontology is related to types of goods, rights, and duties. Virtue ethics lead to contradictions when deontology bases it’s...

References: Boylan, M. (2009). Basic Ethics (2nd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
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