The difference between Parliamentary What systems currently exist The British Parliamentry system and the American Presidential system are the two best known examples reference will be made to these two systems.Firstly it is importamt to history behind each system to compleatly understand how each developed. The American Presidential system was born out of a revolutionary war between the British colonial power, it,s important to note that the revelution was led by successfull people i.e. successful planters who owned thousands of acres of land , successful lawyers and merchants. Alarge number of these people were slave owners, thus in carrying out the revelution they considered two things namely; to get rid of the British Colonial power and two making sure that the new system that would be in place would not alloiw slaves, poor people ,labourers and small farm pwners to overtyhrow them i.e. it was a revelution aimed at removing colonial power while safeguarding aginst popularly controlled government and such a state was esatablished in 1789, therefore the American State claime the distinction of beiong the oldest constitutional democracy . The British system was by contrast not established by a revelution i.e. it was established via gradual change and not the overthrow of a previously existing system the king of Britain was not overthrown the way it was in the United States, thus the role of the Monarch and the aristocracy was gradually undermined over a number of centuries, the gradual nature of the change meant that the old structures and institutions were never cast aside i.e. t5here was a king or queen 500 years ago today there is only a queen while the structures and institutions remained their functions and powers changed siginfigantly changed i.e. the king of 1500 AD had emense and almost total power but tyoday the monarch has little power and her role is mainly symbolic. These contrasting origins have implications for American Presidential democracy and British Parliamentary democracy; The American structure of government because it was new and revolutionary had to be set down in one document called the constitution of the united states thus the US constitution is codified . In contrast the British structure of government is not set out or embodied in any singlr document i.e. British Parliametary democracy is based on a number of laws passed down over a number of years /centuries, its also made up of conventions , traditions and customs of governance changing over time and passed down from one generation to another. There is a different political culture. In America thre is a great distrust in the power of the government reason and emphasis placed on individual freedom s and rights and they should prevail even against majority opinion. British political culture in contrast has a considerable respect for tradition i.e. a respect for custom handed down from generation to generation threre is a greater regard fo authority thus authority and tradition remain strong because the Monarchy has the ability to chnge with times. The Americans show a greater irrelevance for hierarchy and titles The Assembly.
The British parliament or legislature has three elements : The house of Lords, The house of commons and TYhe Monarch. The presence of the Monarch as a former member of each of the two chamber s of legislature indicates that in form the institutins have remained the same i.e. The Monarch was a member of the House of Lords 500 years ago and so it is today The house of Lords has three parts , the first is constituted of persons on the basis of there heredity i.e. those were born into an aristocratic
family are entitled to a seat these titles are passed down from generation to generation. the second part of the house of Lords is appointed by the Prime minister i.e. he/she can appoint people to the house of Lords by giving them titles e.g. Margret Thatcher after removal from the office was given a title...
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