Docking the Blight of Dengue in Swat Published I

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Docking the Blight of Dengue in Swat
(Muhammad Ammar Yasir Khan & Shafei Moiz Hali)*
Abstract
This article provides a comprehensive overview on the dengue outbreak (2013) in Swat along with the requisite guidelines for better management, prevention and control of the disease in the future. The underlying focus of this paper has been to lay down the relevant procedures which are in line with the government’s policies, World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations / regulations and also enjoy worldwide acceptance for dengue control. The article suggests measures for both vector control as well as the disease itself along with the strategies for future preparedness. The methodology provided here primarily revolves around an approach called Integrated Vector Management (IVM) which has been endorsed by WHO. Several studies in the world and Pakistan have shown that insecticides / chemicals have little impact on long term control of the dengue virus; therefore, the focus should remain on larvae source reduction (environment management), disease management and dengue awareness to reduce its impact in the disease hit locality.
Key Words: Swat, endemic, KPK, Ades Aegypti, dengue fever, outbreak *

Muhammad Ammar Yasir Khan, Corresponding author, department of
Leadership and Management Studies, FCS, NDU and Shafai Moiz Hali,
Assistant Professor, Department of Government Public Policy, FCS,
National Defence University, Islamabad, Pakistan.

ISSRA Papers 2014

77

Docking the Blight of Dengue in Swat

Introduction
Dengue is the foremost public-health concern throughout tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world at this moment. The estimates from World Health Organization (WHO) suggest that more than half of the world population is exposed to this contagion.
Currently close to 75% of the global population vulnerable to dengue resides in the Asia-Pacific region.
Dengue is not only the source of widespread human suffering but also massive economic losses to the country.

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