I am going to answer these two questions in this essay. They are “Do you think that the right to life entails a right to die under certain circumstances?” and “Should the laws be changed to grant a universal right to voluntary euthanasia?”. In this essay, I am going to give reasons using ethical theories to justify these questions. Euthanasia
Euthanasia is the act of a physician or other third party ending a patient's life in response to severe pain and suffering. Euthanasia can be classified into three types. They are voluntary euthanasia, non-voluntary euthanasia and involuntary euthanasia. Involuntary euthanasia is the action that takes the patient’s life without any informed consent of the patient but the patient may want to live. Non-voluntary euthanasia is the person who is killed made no decision or gave any consent. Voluntary euthanasia is the act that the doctor and the patient both agree to end patient’s life. Moreover, euthanasia can be classified into active and passive euthanasia. Active euthanasia means using medical professionals, or another person, deliberately do something to causes the patient to die. Passive euthanasia occurs when the patient dies because the medical professionals either don't do something necessary to keep the patient alive, or when they stop doing something that is keeping the patient alive. Right to life
Right to life is one of human rights which including right to life, free speech, free assembly, and freedom of movement, freedom of conscience and religion, right to privacy, together with right to vote and stand for office. Right to life is a phrase that describes the belief that a human being has an essential right to live, particularly that a human being has the right not to be killed by another human being. In the question, whether we have right to die under certain circumstances that we want to commit suicide or allow assisted suicide or to decline life-prolonging treatment in order to reduce the pain and...
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