Department of Social Sciences of the College of Education, Arts and Sciences
SOCULFA COURSE 1st Semester AY 2012-2013
SOCULFA COURSE PROJECT
DIWA NG LUNAN: MAPPING THE CULTURAL HERITAGE OF KAPENG BARAKO
One of the most popular and in demand beverages in the world is coffee. It has been a regular part of the morning wake-up routine of almost every people and considered as a beverage to be savored and enjoyed. According to studies, the world consumes about 100 million 60-kilogram bags of coffee every year. This means that coffee drinkers gulp down up to 400 billion cups of coffee yearly or 45 million cups per hour, says Espada (2008) in one of his articles.
According to Philippine Herbal Medicine (http://www.philippineherbalmedicine.org/coffee.htm), coffee has two main varieties or species, Coffea arabica and Coffea canephora or more popularly known as Robusta. Arabica (Coffea arabica) was originally cultivated in the Arabian Peninsula, hence its name. While Robusta (Coffea canephora) is grown in many regions where Arabica would not grow but Robusta has less flavor and contains more caffeine than the Arabica. However, Robusta contains more antioxidants than Arabica coffee. Today, coffee is the second largest traded commodity in the world, second only to oil and the largest exporter of coffee is Brazil. Most espressos blends use good quality Robusta beans because it produces more foamy heads and are cheaper than Arabica coffee beans. Aside from two main varieties of coffee (Arabica and Robusta), there are lesser grown and exotic varieties of coffee e.g. Liberica (where the Philippine Barako comes from) and Exelsa.
When there are several varieties of coffee, there are also different sides of the story from which coffee originated. According to oral history, a Franciscan friar may have been responsible for bringing coffee to the Philippines in the 1740’s. On his journey to the Philippines, he brought with him three gantas of
References: Related Studies: Laygo, J.C and Rodriguez, R.P (2010) Rama, N.G. (2005). The Barako is Back Home to Lipa. Agricultural Magazine. January: 62 Requiline, E.K Chapius, M. (2009). Preserving our cultural heritage, improving our environment. 20 years of EU research into cultural heritage http://www.bulatlat.com/news/3-3/3-3-coffee.html (July 15, 2009) Philippine Coffee Barako http://www.philippineherbalmedicine.org/coffee.htm (July 6, 2009) http://forum.philboxing.com/viewtopic.php?f=74&p=3101121