Divorce: Marriage and School Aged School

Topics: Psychology, Developmental psychology, Marriage Pages: 6 (1985 words) Published: December 4, 2013

Divorce's Impact on Preschool, School-Age, and Adolescent Children

This writing reviews current literature examining the impact of divorce on children in the context of family. The review encompasses ways divorce can be prevented and how un-prevented divorce can affect children of the specified ages. The ages of the children are outlined as preschool, school aged and adolescence. The impact on each group is different and considered. Ways to minimize the number of divorces is examined by outlining preventions on a state level. Recommendations for state established programs are made that would occur prior to marriage to prevent later miscommunications. In the face of unstoppable divorce it is important to understand how children can be helped to cope more effectively with divorce in context of future development. Divorce's impact on preschool, school-age, and adolescent children

As divorce continues to be an option for marriage resolution it is important to take a look at how divorce affects young children. Numerous studies have been done to prove the negative effects of divorce on children. This writing will examine those effects upon children of preschool, school, and adolescent aged children. It is important to understand the effects on children in terms of later development. Divorce affects both the custodial and non-custodial parent and their relationship with the child (ren). It effects how parents discipline their children and bond with their children. The negative effects of divorce could be avoided if divorce could be minimized. Minimizing divorce could prevent the negative long term effects of divorce on children. This writing will also take a look at how divorce can be minimized in order to circumvent negative effects on preschool, school and adolescent aged children. The impact of divorce on preschool, school aged and adolescent children needs to be understood in order to prevent long term emotional, mental, social and psychological issues later in life. Preschool

Preschool aged children generally marked from ages 4 to 5 years old have been found to have negative effects from divorce. Studies have engaged the personality traits of preschoolers to determine the impact of divorce . The main reference has been made to the attachment theory. This theory supports the idea that preschool children are affected by divorce emotionally . Attachment theory developed by John Bowlby is the bond between the child and the caregiver and plays a serious role in the developmental stages of growth. Preschoolers use their attachments as safety nets to depend on when exploring the world outside them. During the preschool years children will be attached to one or both parents and divorce causes an upset in that attachment. It has been documented that the attachment security is negatively impacted by divorce (Nair & Murray, 2005). The impact reflects mostly on the security of attachment. The preschool aged child exhibits behaviors of separation anxiety and insecurity. It has been determined that negative effects to attachment will later become issues for older children . The preschool age children do not understand divorce but do understand that upset and the separation and may carry feelings of abandonment and fear of abandonment. Preschool children may feel if parents can divorce, then parents can divorce children. Preschool children are likely to feel responsible for the divorce and for the separated parents . Preschool children are effected by the custodial parents form of discipline, other children in the home, interaction with other children at school, relationships with teachers, and identifying with self . All issues could develop into other negative elements later in growth. School Aged

School aged children will handle divorce differently than preschoolers and will progress through successful with guidance. However, there are a few behaviors or effects that are characteristic and...

References: Bretherton, I. (1992). The originis of attachment theory: John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth. Developmental Psychology, 28, 759-775.
Gadova, S. L. (2013). Comtemplating divorce whether you should stay or go. Retrieved from PsychologyToday: http://www.psychologytoday.com/experts/susan-pease-gadoua-lcsw
Nair, H., & Murray, A. D. (2005). Predictors of Attachment Security in Preschool Children From Intact and Divorced Families. Journal of Genetic Psychology, 166(3), 245-263.
Peretti, P. O., & DiVitorrio, A. (1992). Effect of loss of father through divorce on personality of the preschool child. Journal of Instructional Psychology, 19(4), 269.
Pett, M. A., Wampold, B. E., Turner, C. W., & Vaughan-Cole, B. (1999). Paths of influence of divorce on preschool children 's psychosocial adjustment. Journal of Family Psychology, 13(2), 145-164. doi:10.1037/0893-3200.13.2.145
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Wallerstein, J. (1986). Children of divorce feel abandoned by both their parents. Toronto Star.
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