In this paper I focus on the different types of ethnic groups and diversity in Spain. I will explain the difficulties of each group and how each of them suffer. The participation rates, earnings, and employment differences among the group are also mentioned.
Diversity in Spain
Spain has a population of 39.5 million and is ethnically heterogeneous. While the overwhelming majority of the residents of Spain identify themselves as Spaniards, there are also number of distinct regionals and linguistic groups, and in recent years, an increasing number of foreign workers. Spaniard is a national cultural designation rather than a name for a specific ethnic group. Spain has a number of native populations. In addition to the Spaniards, there are the Basques, Catalans, Galicians, and Canarians. The origins of the Basques people are unknown and their language is unrelated to any other language of Europe (Levinson, 1998). They have been a known population in the region for 1000 years and have successfully resisted rule by various groups. The Basque region is one of the fastest growing and most rapidly developing regions of Spain. It is consider a highly desirable region in which to live and do business. Canarians are inhabitants of the Canary Islands. They are descendent from African peoples. They see themselves and are generally perceived by others as being a distinct ethnic group. Over the centuries, they have developed their own form of Roman Catholicism, which reflects indigenous beliefs and practices. Canarians make a clear distinction between themselves and other Spaniards. Catalans are the people of Catalonia, which is in eastern Spain. There are a number of markers of Catalan identity such as residence in Catalonia and having Catalan parents, the most important is speaking Catalan language. Galicians are the residents of Galicia, a section of Spain located in the northwest and bordered on the south by Portugal. Galicians are of Celtic ancestry. About...
References: Levinson, David (1998). Ethnic Groups worldwide (1st ed). Phoenix, AZ: Oryx Press
Lopez, Andre A. & Yoors, Jan (1974). The Gypsies of Spain (1st ed). Spain: MacMillan
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