distracted driving

Topics: Automobile, Distraction, Tram accident Pages: 2 (1137 words) Published: November 16, 2014
Maggie Behm
Distracted driving is exactly what it sounds like. Distracted driving is driving while distracted. These distractions can range anywhere from eating to using a cell phone while driving- texting or calling, from loud music to having friends and family members in the car with you while you are driving. Almost anything can be a distraction as long as it takes your attention away from driving for anytime as short as five seconds. In fact, one study it said that eighty percent of all crashes and collisions and that at least sixty five percent of near crashes and collisions have to do with the driver being inattentive or distracted while behind the wheel. Three seconds may not seem like a very long at all, and it may not be but when you are behind the wheel of a two ton block of metal three seconds can change everything. There is countless case after case about drivers being distracted and getting into a fatal car accident. To drive safely on the road it takes one hundred percent of your full attention to what you are doing.

There are many different kinds of distractions. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, or NHTSA, classifies the biggest and most common driver distractions into two categories and four subcategories. The two broad categories are distractions that happen inside the vehicle and distractions that happen outside the vehicle. Distractions that happen outside the vehicle are things like billboards, especially if they have bright colors or just in general a distracting image, someone spinning or holding a sign to attract business for their shop or car wash, animals such as birds, or anything that could possibly be happening in the outside world. Then comes the four subcategories of the main category of distractions that happen inside the car. These four subcategories are cognitive distractions, visual distractions, auditory distractions, and biomechanical distractions.

Cognitive distractions have to do with any...
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