DISTANCE LEARNING “Running Head”
DISTANCE LEARNING: HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS
ENG122: English Composition II
September 3, 2014
High school is a period of important social and emotional development in a young person’s life. While in high school, we metamorphosis, learn, and grow socially as well as intellectually. The traditional model of high school provides social interaction between our peers and us. Many young people enjoy activities like student clubs, sporting events and the prom. Distance learning, also known as on-line learning, provides a tool to teach students to become self-directed learners, a skill that will last them a lifetime. Some online high school programs allow gifted students to complete work at an accelerated pace, while still attending their traditional high school. This will allow high school students to enroll in college classes, before graduating high school, if the student should choose. Students who are involved in Distance Learning are able to access his or her classes from anywhere that the student has a computer and an Internet connection. High school students, who may suffer from extreme bullying while attending a traditional high school, may feel safer, and more at ease, while completing his or her high school diploma program from the safety of the student’s own home. In the article “Bullying”, Ashley L. Cohen makes the point that bullying used to be considered a normal part of life. Bullying was also considered harmless. Most fathers taught their sons to be a “MAN and “hit ‘em back”. Now, in the year of 2014, “School bullying is a pervasive problem found in elementary, middle and high schools across the United States and around the world. It can take many direct and indirect forms, including physical violence, name-calling, taunting, teasing, malicious rumor spreading,
and social exclusion”. (Cohen, A. L. (2008). Bullying. Research Starters Education (Online Edition) Definitions of school bullying include four basic elements. First, school bullying does not happen between peers who share an equal or similar degree of power, but always involves a more powerful perpetrator intimidating a weaker subject. Bullying depends upon an imbalance of power, which can be created by any number of factors, including but not limited to physical size, age, popularity and psychological strength (Rigby, 2003; Junoven, 2005). Second, bullying is deliberate; a bully intends to cause harm or distress in his or her victim (Scarpaci, 2006). Third, bullying can come in direct and indirect forms. Physical violence, such as shoving, poking, hitting, or tripping, is a form direct bullying. So is verbal bullying, which includes name-calling, teasing, and derision. Indirect bullying is social in nature and involves the bully excluding his or her victim from a peer group. An example of this type of bullying is spreading malicious rumors (Scarpaci, 2006; Reid, Monsen, & Rivers, 2004). Fourth and finally, bullying is continual; it consists of an ongoing pattern of abuse (Whitted & Dupper, 2005). Cohen, A. L. (2008). Bullying. Research Starters Education (Online Edition). Today, bullies have even more of an opportunity to bully others by posting negative comments on the internet for everyone to read. This type of bullying is called “Cyberbullying”. On-line high school programs allow students to complete work at an accelerated pace. Gifted students are able to take courses in his or her own time. This allows the student to graduate high school and begin college earlier. What is the relationship between students’ Distance Learning
perceptions of the quality and frequency of teacher–student interaction and online course completion and academic performance? There is a very interesting article, which gives detailed information on the subject based...
References: Cohen, A. L. (2008). Bullying. Research Starters Education (Online Edition)
Distance Learning Occurs in Majority of School Districts. (2011). Electronic Education Report,18(24), 7-8.
Distance Education, 34(1), 64-83. doi:10.1080/01587919.2013.770430
(2014, 06). Euclid. StudyMode.com. Retrieved 06, 2014, from http://www.studymode.com/course-notes/Euclid-53470700.html
Hawkins, A., Graham, C. R., Sudweeks, R. R., & Barbour, M. K. (2013). Academic performance, course completion rates, and student perception of the quality and frequency of interaction in a virtual high school. Distance Education, 34(1), 64-83. doi:10.1080/01587919.2013.770430
Kirby, D., Sharpe, D., Bourgeois, M., & Greene, M. (2010). GRADUATES OF THE NEW LEARNING ENVIRONMENT A Follow-Up Study of High School Distance e-Learners. Quarterly Review Of Distance Education, 11(3), 161-173.
Olszewski-Kubilius, P. (2011). DISTANCE EDUCATION: WHERE IT STARTED AND WHERE IT STANDS FOR GIFTED CHILDREN AND THEIR EDUCATORS. Gifted Child Today, 34(3), 16.
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