Dissociative Identity Disorder

Topics: Dissociative identity disorder, Mental disorder, Child abuse Pages: 4 (1216 words) Published: March 31, 2011
Analysis Of Dissociative Identity Disorder For Fight Club

Most people experience instances of light dissociation, such as daydreaming or getting “lost in the moment” while doing their work. When dissociation becomes a severe mental disorder, dissociative identity disorder (DID) may be present. According to the Mayo Clinic, people with DID escape reality in involuntary and unhealthy ways (p.1). The study of DID is important because social problems such as childhood abuse contribute to the disorder. Furthermore, people with DID do not lead normal lives in their communities; they experience serious psychological and physical problems. An individual with DID expresses “two or more distinct or split identities” that control his or her behavior. Symptoms of DID include depression, mood swings, suicidal tendencies, sleep disorders, panic attacks, alcohol and drug abuse, compulsions, and eating disorders. In addition, DID can lead to serious mental problems such as amnesia, time loss, trances, and out-of-body experiences. People who have DID tend to be self-persecuting, self-destructive, and violent (Web.MD p.1).

Research on DID has indicated that the disorder results from a combination of environmental and biological factors. Most people with DID have experienced life-threatening disturbances during their development. Dissociation can occur in cases of severe emotional and physical abuse (WebMD p.1). Indeed, DID is often associated with childhood sexual abuse and other trauma (Bentovim p.22). Dissociation may occur when an individual seeks to escape a frightening situation. Cases of DID generally involve individuals abused at the age of nine or younger (Schmidt p.2). Not only sexual abuse, but also physical and emotional abuse can lead to DID. According to Schmidt, children who experience trauma learn “escapist behavior” that causes them to dissociate slowly, with their primary personality changing into multiple personalities (p.5)....
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