diseases and disorders

Topics: Antidepressant, Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, Schizophrenia Pages: 3 (989 words) Published: September 29, 2013
In our current society there seems to be a growing number of individuals that identify with many of the possible psychological disorders and diseases out there. In recent times this has been put in the spotlight more so than in the past due to the increasing amount of knowledge on such disorders and diseases. Four prominent disorders and diseases of relevance would be Schizophrenia, Depression, Mania, and Anxiety Disorder.

Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder that is characterized by personality issues and thought disorganization. Major symptoms of this disorder include delusions, hallucinations, thought disorder, or disorganized behavior. Other symptoms could include appearance of lack of emotion, social withdrawal, loss of motivation, loss of interest in everyday activities and neglect of personal hygiene (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2013). Though the definite cause of this disorder is not known there are theories as to what it may be. Some researchers believe that this brain disease is caused by a combination of genetics and environment. Though significant evidence has nit been seen it is also speculated that neurotransmitters such as Glutamate and Dopamine can contribute to the start of this disorder. This disorder can be treated as best as possible and often uses therapy and medications to do so. The medications most often used fall into either Atypical Anti psychotics or Typical Anti psychotics. Atypical are a new group of anti psychotics that include drugs such as Clozapine, Aripiprazole, Olanzapine, and Palpiperidone among others. This group of drugs have minor side effects compared to those of typical anti psychotics and include weight gain, diabetes, and high cholesterol. Typical anti psychotics include the medications Chlorpromazine, Fluphenazine, Haloperidol, and Perphenazine. This group of anti psychotics have terrible side effects and for this reason are not used too widely anymore. The side effects for these include potential significant...
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