Cerebral palsy commonly referred to as CP is a nonprogressive neurological disorder that appears in infancy or early childhood CITATION NIN \l 1033 (NINDS). The cause of cerebral palsy is a result of permanent damage to the motor control centers of the brain during development. The muscular system is impacted indirectly by cerebral palsy as cerebral palsy is a disease of the central nervous system. The parts of the body that are affected by cerebral palsy varies and is classified according to such, monoplegia (one limb), paralegia (legs only), hemiplegia (one half of the body), triplegia (three limbs), quadriplegia (all four limbs), diplegia (more affected in the legs than the arms), and double hemiplegia (arms more involved than legs) CITATION Hee05 \l 1033 (Heeter, 2005). The impairments affects muscle coordination, stiff and tight muscles, exaggerated reflexes and posture. Although the degree of severity ranges, the damage affects the muscular system ability to function properly. In many cases, the ability to walk and communicate without assistance or tools are limited or non-existent. Cerebral palsy disrupts the functionality of the muscles causing a homeostatic imbalance in the muscular system. The electrical signals that are sent to muscles in the body are unable to perform properly CITATION Mar12 \l 1033 (Marieb, 2012). Therefore, to maintain a state of homeostasis the control center has to determine appropriate action due the impairments caused to cerebral palsy CITATION Mar12 \l 1033 (Marieb, 2012). The inability to maintain and control body movements as a result of cerebral palsy plays a significant role in the stability of our internal environment. References
BIBLIOGRAPHY \l 1033 Heeter, A. (2005). Cerebral Palsy. In S. Lee, Encyclopedia of school psychology (pp. 84-85). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc. doi:http://dx.doi.org.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/10.4135/9781412952491.n38 Marieb, E. N. (2012). Essentials of Human Anatomy...
References: BIBLIOGRAPHY l 1033 Heeter, A. (2005). Cerebral Palsy. In S. Lee, Encyclopedia of school psychology (pp. 84-85). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc. doi:http://dx.doi.org.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/10.4135/9781412952491.n38
Marieb, E. N. (2012). Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology (10th ed.). San Francisco, CA: Benjamin Cummings Press.
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. (2014, July 21). NINDS cerebral palsy information page. Retrieved 10 21, 2014, from http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/cerebral_palsy/cerebral_palsy.htm
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