Discussion About Development

Topics: Nature versus nurture, Tabula rasa, Human Pages: 6 (1828 words) Published: October 13, 2014

St Vincent and the Grenadines Community College- Division of Teacher Education Course: Psychology
Course Code: JBTE/ PSY 100
Course work: Assignment 1: Discussion on Development
Name: Patrius Kerr
Lecturer: Ms. Cindy Edwards
Date: 10th October, 2014.

Psychology involves studying the mental functioning and general behavior of both humans and animals. Social behavior and mental functioning of an individual are explained by exploring the neurological and physiological processes. Don Paul Eggan & Kauchak (1997) states “… the concept of development, the orderly, durable changes in a learner the resulting from combination of learning, experience and maturation”. Development is referred to as patterns of change over time which begins at conception and continues throughout the life span. It occurs in different domains such as biological, emotional, social and cognitive. Three processes that play a central role in development are growth, maturation, and learning. Growth refers to physical changes that are quantitative, such as increases in height or weight. Maturation involves anatomical, neuro-physiological, and chemical transformations that change the way a person functions such as a woman's passage into or out of childbearing age and these two terms go hand in hand where without growth, maturation does not take place and with those physical changes, the neurological aspects develop along with it. In short, maturation is the product of growth. Learning involves relatively long-term changes in behavior or performance acquired through observation, experience, or training. The quote states that development is orderly and changes are results of the combination of experience and maturation, some theories go in depth as to explain the views of development and how it affects individuals, such theories are the Nature-Nurture Controversy and Continuous and Discontinuous theories. The first principle is that growth and development occur in an orderly, sequential way which is the same for all human beings. Researchers are always baffled as to how to characterize the nature of development. The two contrasting theories are continuous and discontinuous. Continuous is development conceived of as a process of the gradual accumulation of behavior, skill, or knowledge. This theory suggests that development proceeds in a smooth and orderly fashion, with each change building on previous abilities. In contrast to the other theory where development is best characterized as discontinuous in nature. This suggests that behaviors or skills change qualitatively across time and that new organizations of behaviors, skills or knowledge emerge in a rather abrupt or discrete fashion. The notion of Stage of development is central to discontinuous theory of development. A stage of development can be thought of as a particular organization of the knowledge and behavior of an individual that characterized their development at a particular point in time. The movement to a new stage of development means that qualitative reorganization of previous knowledge or behavior has taken place. For example , Piaget(1952) believed that between 7and 11 years of age , children’s thinking could be described as concrete, in that it is closely tied to the nature of the objects with which they interact, while during adolescence, thinking becomes more abstract; it is less bound to a particular object and takes into account the possible or hypothetical. Piaget based development on the cognitive domain of development and created four stages of which development happens throughout the life span of a human being. These stages are Sensorimotor (birth to age 2), Preoperational (2 to 6 years), Concrete Operational (7 to 11 years) and the final stage Formal Operational (12 to adulthood). Being yourself, being who you are, is a phrase that makes you thinking that both are the same but they are not. We as humans were born with no ideas or preference, as British philosopher, John...

References: Berk, L. (1999). Infants, children, and adolescents (3rd ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
Locke, J. (1959). An essay concerning human understanding. New York: Dover Publications.
Mustapha, N. (n.d.). Sociology for Caribbean students (Second ed.).
Piaget, J. (1969). Studies in cognitive development; essays in honor of Jean Piaget. New York: Oxford University Press.
Slavin, R. (1997). Educational psychology: Theory and practice (5th ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
Development | Define Development at Dictionary.com. (n.d.). Retrieved October 9, 2014.
Nature vs Nurture: What Really Shapes Who We Are? (n.d.). Retrieved October 9, 2014.
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