Discussion #9 Human Growth & Development

Topics: Puberty, Adolescence, Brain Pages: 2 (1399 words) Published: October 30, 2014

Describe the physical changes adolescents, boys and girls experience during this stage of life.During this chapter of life many physical changes occur. Children begin to grow several inches as they begin to change and transform into young adults. A very significant change in height and weight for both boys and girls takes place. Girls average height increases around this time approximately 3.5 inches each year, while boys on average around 4.1 inches every year. As we all know both sexes pass through these changes but ultimately girls develop much faster than boys, girls around age 10 and boys around age 12. Soon after around age 13 boys often catch up to females and often become taller than females and this usually continues throughout the rest of life. Adolescents pass through a life checkpoint known as puberty around these years as well. Puberty is the period during which the sexual organs mature. For girls, this time is marked by the beginning of the menstruation cycle. Menstruation is one of the many changes that occur in both primary and secondary hormones of a female. The primary sex hormones are linked with the growth of organs and body structure related directly to the reproductive processes. Secondary sex hormones are the more obvious signs of maturity for example the development of breast and pubic hair. Girls usually begin this whole menstruation process today around the age of 11 or 12. Boys usually begin their process of puberty around age 12. At this time the scrotum and penis begin to grow more quickly, but not reaching adult size for about another 3 to 4 years down the road. Another primary sex characteristic besides the growth of the penis and scrotum is known as the prostate gland and seminal vesicles, which produce semen which is a fluid that carries sperm. What type of cognitive development takes place during adolescence and what cognitive development causes difficulty for adolescents? Changes in the brain are often results of the...

Citations: Felman, Robert. Discovering Lifespan. 3rd edition. University of Massachusetts. Pearson Education. 2012.Print
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