cOURSE: ISSUES IN EARLY AND MODERN CHRISTIANITY
Discuss the role of the church councils in shaping Christian doctrine, making reference to at least one doctrine that was reformed. 11/11/2013
Discuss the role of church councils in shaping Christian doctrine, making reference to at least one doctrine that was reformed.
When Christianity took hold in the Roman Empire, doctrine had yet to be fixed. There have been more than seven church councils, but these crucial first seven, known as the Ecumenical Councils, were the most important in establishing official church doctrine. The seven councils span a time period over four hundred years, with the first council in 325 CE and the seventh in 787 CE. AD. Their decisions are at the foundation of Christian doctrine accepted by both the Eastern and Western segments of the Christian Church. The decisions of these Ecumenical Councils were made under the guidance of the Holy Spirit, as promised by Jesus Christ to His Apostles. The council is referred to as being ‘ecumenical ‘as the great philosopher Alexis Khomiakov defined it as the council which is universal, infallible and significance for the Church. An ecumenical (or general) Council of the Church, in modern times, is an assembly of bishops representing those churches in union with the Pope, the Bishop of Rome in order to determine matters of doctrine, to correct disciplinary matters, and to issue pastoral pronouncements. As already indicated, it was not always quite so, because the process of ecumenical/general councils began with Constantine. (Clarke, 1998) These councils represent the entire church. At these Ecumenical Councils many Canons, or laws governing the administration of the Church, were composed. Secondarily, they also issue canonical legislation which governs the administration of the Church....Church is this case is more than just a structure or an organization it is like a living organism, (Davis, 2013) . As the disciples...
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