Word count: 2145
Word count: 2145
Discuss the Relationship between Stress, Anxiety, Habits and Phobias. Describe How You Would Treat these Issues with Hypnotherapy
In this essay I shall try to define anxiety, stress, habits and phobias as well as explore their individual attributes and symptoms and how each may relate. I will also attempt to explain basic methodology and treatment of neurotic conditions, such as anxiety, fear and low self-esteem, highlighting any professional or ethical implications that may arise.
Stress and Anxiety
These two conditions are often associated; where one is present, the other will often be found. However, there is a clear distinction between the two and as a therapist it is crucial to be aware of this. Stress is a normal physical response to events that make a person feel threatened or upset their equilibrium in some way. When the individual senses danger – whether it’s real or imagined – the body's defenses kick into high gear in a rapid, automatic process known as the “fight-or-flight” reaction, or the stress response. The brain experiences stress and anxiety in slightly different ways, although they do share some of the same characteristics. Anxiety is more akin to fear. An anxiety disorder is diagnosed when that fear is significant enough to interfere with a persons daily functioning, or if it seems to develop without cause.
How stress manifests can vary from work, family, or social changes, to simple changes in ones environment, to major life changes. All these situations stimulate the basic animal “fight or flight” response, thereby pumping the body with adrenaline and heightening the senses in preparation to respond. Whilst this is not necessarily a negative reaction, there is a point at which this ceases to be healthy and begins to have negative consequences. Stress can be categorised into six variants. These vary in the severity of and impact to the individual.
Is when a person is stuck in the monotony of life and finds themselves bored and unmotivated. Eustress:
Is a form of stress, which most people would be familiar with and is normally considered healthy, and necessary.
Causes tension and physical disturbances.
Episodic Acute stress:
Is a more severe form of acute stress and has symptoms similar to that of hypertension, migraines, stroke, heart attacks and gastrointestinal disorders. Chronic stress:
Is a very serious state and is linked to cancer and other life threatening disease. Traumatic stress:
Will usually have been brought about by a seriously stressful event or situation and will need a multi-disciplinary team to treat. M5
In some cases it can be a symptom of stress, but is clearly different from stress in that stress has a recognisable stimulant. The causes of stress are usually clearly identifiable. Anxiety as a result of stressis usually termed ‘situational anxiety’, often referred to as ‘stage fright’. A temporary, short term form of anxiety, triggered by certain situations or experiences. Where as, ‘existential anxiety’ is a form of anxiety quite distinct from stress (Knight). It normally is a result of a fear or apprehension, which does not always have an identifiable source. It has been described as ‘all in the mind’ or as Hadley and Staudacher chose to put it, ‘Anxiety actually arises out of your thoughts. In a given situation, it’s the thought of potential danger, not the actual danger that produces the symptom of anxiety.’ Dryden and Heap state: Anxiety is essentially, ‘a learned and anticipatory’ response to any distant or even imagined situation.
Both stress and anxiety are natural responses to everyday situations and environments that people pass through, both essential components to an everyday existence. However, should stress or anxiety exceed levels that are safe and beneficial to that existence, they can cause psychological and or physical manifestations detrimental to a...
Bibliography: Allen, R P, Scripts and Strategies in Hypnotherapy
HS: Hadley, J and Staudacher, C, Hypnosis for Change
Heap, M and Dryden, W, Hypnotherapy A Handbook
Hellmut, W. A K and Boys, JH, Hypnotherapy A Practical Handbook
EC: Emile Coue:
JW: Joseph Wolpe
M: Module 5 notes
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