Discuss the Importance of Non Verbal Communication to Education

Topics: AIDS, HIV, Tuberculosis Pages: 63 (24115 words) Published: June 10, 2013
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IFAD strategy paper on HIV/AIDS for East and Southern Africa IFAD strategy paper on HIV/AIDS for East and Southern Africa A. Assessing the Impact of HIV/AIDS on IFAD-Supported Projects 34. This section looks at the relevance of HIV/AIDS to agricultural and rural development projects, considering the vulnerability of project target groups and IFAD project staff and their families to HIV/AIDS; the reduced project implementation capacity resulting from the epidemic; and the continued relevance of IFAD-funded project objectives, strategies and interventions. It also proposes a Framework on the Relevance of HIV/AIDS to Agricultural and Rural Development Projects (Table 1), which can be used as a tool for analysing impact in a given project area and deciding on appropriate responses. Table 1: Framework on the Relevance of HIV/AIDS to Agricultural and Rural Development Projects Category of Relevance | Implications | Potential Response | Example | (a) Vulnerability of the target group to HIV infection and the impact of AIDSStigmatization, poverty, migration, gender disparities and lack of HIV/AIDS information render a project’s target group vulnerable to HIV/AIDS. | Contact farmers and community leaders may be unable to attend training activities due to caring responsibilities. Project likely to lose trained beneficiaries and their knowledge, experience and labour.Some destitute children, often AIDS orphans, are forced into child labour. | Agricultural/rural development projects actively address in their regular activities the factors that increase vulnerability to HIV/AIDS. | Community development workers of a food security project assist in overcoming stigmatization of people living with HIV/AIDS and of AIDS orphans in a community. | (b) Vulnerability of IFAD project staff, counterparts and staff of collaborating partners (and/or their families) to HIV infection and the impact of AIDS. | Project staff may be vulnerable to HIV infection and the impact of AIDS, but few projects offer HIV/AIDS-related workplace programmes. | Projects establish HIV/AIDS-related workplace programmes (staff training on HIV prevention; review of working conditions, benefits and procedures; appointment of HIV/AIDS focal points, etc.). | A local NGO is contracted to design and implement an HIV/AIDS workplace programme for the staff of an IFAD-supported project (jointly for various projects). | (c) Reduced project implementation capacity because of : * diminished capability of project staff to address their mandate due to AIDS; * diminished service delivery; * lack of knowledge and skills among project staff to address impact HIV/AIDS has on their work; * reduced district revenue base...

References: Y2:b1e3ae44-466f-4a2c-baaa-a102a4f26342
43/ See Bota, Malindi, and Nyekanyeka, 1998; and Hemrich, 1997
44/ See Topouzis, forthcoming
45/ IFAD, 1997, Vol
46/ For farming systems vulnerability mapping, see Barnett and Blaikie, 1992; for livelihood systems vulnerability mapping, see Topouzis, 2000 and World Bank, 2001.
48/ UNAIDS, 2000b.
49/ These data are available from the United States Bureau of the Census.
50/ IFAD, 1999, p. 22.
51/ In Kumi, HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rates were low, and the large number of orphans was linked to prolonged civil unrest in the area; see IFAD, 1999.
52/ Konde Lule et al., 1996.
53/ This section draws on Topouzis, 1995 and Hemrich, 1997.
54/ IFAD, 1997, p. 53.
55/ Engh et al., 1999.
56/ Background support and issues for LUSIP Appraisal on Health Impact, prepared as input to Swaziland LUSIP PDT by the Household Food Security and Gender Desk, PT/IFAD, p
58/ FAO, 2001.
59/ CARE estimates, cited in World Bank, 1996.
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