Discuss the environmental problems Britain is facing today. Is it the Government's responsibility or the individual to solve these problems?
Every country has many different problems which they are facing today or have been facing for a long time. In this essay, the environmental problems, which Britain is facing nowadays, are going to be discussed in some ways. Mostly, discussion about the climatic changes is going to be mentioned that is not only in Britain, also the biggest problem in all over the Earth today together with impacts of these changes. After that, Recycling is going to be argued in detail with its examples. Changing in climate affects the environment deeply. Climatic changes appear because of Greenhouse Effect that is mostly caused by human activities and is going to be explained later on. According to the UKCIP website[?] together with human causes, nature causes are also an effect in climate change. The effect is the co-action between the ocean and atmosphere, instability in the amount of energies received from solar rays coming from sun and volcanic eruptions, and the alteration in the Earth’s orbit. Recycling is the biggest problem after climate change in the UK. Environmental Protection Agency[?] defines Recycling as “Recycling is a series of activities that includes collecting recyclable materials that would otherwise be considered waste, sorting and processing recyclables into raw materials such as fibres, and manufacturing raw materials into new products.” Moreover, government’s and individuals responsibilities are going to be stated in solving these problems. Firstly, in this part of the essay, Greenhouse Effect is going to be explained and then with a little help from the BBC website, discussion about how the UK’s climate is changing will be made. According to the BBC climate[?] website, climate change occurs mainly because of Greenhouse Effect which is the collection of greenhouse gases in the lower atmosphere that are carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, ozone, water vapour and halocarbons. These gases absorb solar rays from the sun, which are not absorbed by the atmosphere, and heat up the Earth. This heating up rises due to the increase in the amount of greenhouse gases. Rise in the amount happens because of human activity such as deforestation, the fuel used in cars and the machinery or the smoke coming from factory chimneys. The main greenhouse gas is carbon dioxide. The UK’s climatic change was quite obvious as a result a department called UK Climate Impacts Programme was established in 1997. Their duty is to inform organisations how the climatic changes might affect and warns them to be ready for any difficulties they might face with. There is some evidence that prove this alteration. According to the UKCIP report (April 2002)[?], the evidence showed that the most obvious changes in climate was in the last century. 1990s were the warmest 10 years in that time in central England since 1660. The general temperature rose about 1 Celsius in 20th century, even the growing time for the crops has changed since 1900s, summers became hotter and winters became wetter since 200 years in all regions of the UK and the sea levels have risen up about 10 cm since the year 1900. We can use Environmental Change Networks data[?] to give an example of how the regions became hotter and wetter from one year to another. We can look at rainfall data for the region Snowdon in Gwynedd in Wales. The winter rain for the year 1996 is measured as 543.1mm and annual rain 2359.8mm. In the same region in year 2005 winter rain is measured as 1184.3mm and the annual rain is measured as 3757.85mm. This proves that the winters are becoming wetter throughout the years. In the year 1997, the average temperature for the region Snowdon is measured 6.95 whereas it is measured 8.02 in year 2005. This also proves that summers are becoming hotter every year. There are...
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