Why the need for film theory? Because in watching a film, the spectator is not merely a passive receptacle being filled with the film 's meaning, but is engaged in a series of interpretations which depend on a whole set of background beliefs and without which the film would not make sense. On the basis of such beliefs or theories, the spectator sees faces, telephones, desert landscapes rather than patches of colours, ascribes motives to characters, judges certain actions as good and others as bad, decides that this film is realistic and that one is not; distinguishes the happy from the unhappy ending, and so on.
The need to understand the factors of perspective and interpretation gave rise to film theory. Film theory is a study of the essence and the meaning of films, as opposed to film critics, who evaluate films based on their feelings towards the films. Film theory, by its very nature, focuses on the meanings behind the film itself, and has provided us with several conceptual frameworks from which to analyse the film 's narrative structure, the role of actors in films, the role of audiences or spectators in films and the element of reality and fiction in films just to name a few. Autuerism, feminism, surrealism, deconstruction and formalism are just some of the theories and categories of which film theory comprises.
There have been varied responses to the subject of film theory, as Robert Lapsley (1998) puts it: 'Bring in theory, the assumption
References: apsley, R (1988). Film Theory: An Introduction. New York: Palgrave. McQuail, D (1983). McQuail 's Mass Communication Theory. London: Sage. Stam, R (2000). Film Theory: An Introduction. London: Blackwell Publishers. Stam, R. (2003). Film Theory and Spectatorship in the Age of the 'Posts '. In: Gledhill, C. and Williams, L. Reinventing Film Studies. London: Arnold. FilmographyTerminator 2: Judgement Day (1991)Jurassic Park (1993)Toy Story (1995)The Matrix (1999)Toy Story 2 (2000)Final Fantasy: The Spirits Within (2001)Jimmy Neutron: Boy Genius (2001)Shrek (2002)The Polar Express (2004)Final Fantasy: Advent Children (2006)Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man 's Chest (2006)