The impact of societal change on family structures, functions and resources
has become evident through, the acceptance of, same sex marriages/couples,
sole parent, extended, foster, nuclear and defacto families, physical,
economic, emotional, social, cultural, moral, spiritual, religious and adaptive
Statistics from around the world are showing the changing views and
perspectives on various roles in the family.
It wasn't long ago in Australia, that births outside of marriage were
considered to be unacceptable. In those days the young woman was sent off
to the country to have her child and give it up for adoption, as to not damage
her family's reputation. Nowadays many women are having children out of
marriage. Whether it is through the convenience of not being married or an
unplanned pregnancy it has become frequently more common and accepted
throughout Australia. This also brings in to the equation the growing number
of mother's in the workplace. Previously after a woman had a child she did
not return to work, but as the number of single mothers in the community
has become more acceptable so has the view that women can return to the
workforce after they have a child. Through the assistance of government
pensions, workplace run childcare and daycare centres, single mothers have
the option of full government support or returning to work, with some
assistance from the government. Apart from single mothers, there is the
issue of single father's. This could occur through the death of the mother or
the mother being unsuitable to her role. Support and acceptance are now
widely offered to either single parent.
Australians are also showing a trend to marrying later and having fewer
children, often preferring to focus on their careers rather then settling down.
Previously men and women were expected to have a family in their late
teens, but as the necessity to have lots of money the view on this has
changed. Also because of IVF and many other resources to help you have a
child, both men and women do not feel the rush to have children, compared
to people twenty years back. Since the number of babies has dropped
dramatically over the past few years, it has brought about an increase of
other nationalities to spread across Australia. Also acceptance of inter-racial
and inter-religious marriages has become accepted, as many people are
coming to terms that all races are the same. This also brings in the
acceptance of adoption, as many couples are starting to adopt children from
overseas countries, such as Asia, Africa and Russia, as well as having their
own children has increased the number of blended families, in Australia.
As Australia now is a growing multicultural society it has accepted and
adapted to many multicultural traditions, cultures and beliefs. This has
affected the way all Australians think; as we have a more diverse
background we are more acceptable and adaptive to change in our society.
Divorce was once considered to be a taboo, less than twenty years ago but
statistics have proven that this view has been changed dramatically with, out
of 331 200 marriages 173 600, will end in divorce. Many of these marriages
include children with the average age of the child being seven years old. It
has also proven that women are more likely to gain custody of the children
then men, and in cases like these 14% of divorced dads end up, either not
wanting to see their children or neglecting them emotionally.
When divorce does occur there is a dramatic drop in the family's income,
assistance is sometimes required from the government to provide for the
basic needs, eg food and clothing. As a result of less income the family
members become extremely acceptable to breakdowns and stress, which can
lead to anger and falling out between family members. This can lead to the...
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