Discuss the impact of societal change on family structures, functions and resources.

Topics: Family, Marriage, Mother Pages: 5 (818 words) Published: April 29, 2004
The impact of societal change on family structures, functions and resources

has become evident through, the acceptance of, same sex marriages/couples,

sole parent, extended, foster, nuclear and defacto families, physical,

economic, emotional, social, cultural, moral, spiritual, religious and adaptive

lifestyles.

Statistics from around the world are showing the changing views and

perspectives on various roles in the family.

It wasn't long ago in Australia, that births outside of marriage were

considered to be unacceptable. In those days the young woman was sent off

to the country to have her child and give it up for adoption, as to not damage

her family's reputation. Nowadays many women are having children out of

marriage. Whether it is through the convenience of not being married or an

unplanned pregnancy it has become frequently more common and accepted

throughout Australia. This also brings in to the equation the growing number

of mother's in the workplace. Previously after a woman had a child she did

not return to work, but as the number of single mothers in the community

has become more acceptable so has the view that women can return to the

workforce after they have a child. Through the assistance of government

pensions, workplace run childcare and daycare centres, single mothers have

the option of full government support or returning to work, with some

assistance from the government. Apart from single mothers, there is the

issue of single father's. This could occur through the death of the mother or

the mother being unsuitable to her role. Support and acceptance are now

widely offered to either single parent.

Australians are also showing a trend to marrying later and having fewer

children, often preferring to focus on their careers rather then settling down.

Previously men and women were expected to have a family in their late

teens, but as the necessity to have lots of money the view on this has

changed. Also because of IVF and many other resources to help you have a

child, both men and women do not feel the rush to have children, compared

to people twenty years back. Since the number of babies has dropped

dramatically over the past few years, it has brought about an increase of

other nationalities to spread across Australia. Also acceptance of inter-racial

and inter-religious marriages has become accepted, as many people are

coming to terms that all races are the same. This also brings in the

acceptance of adoption, as many couples are starting to adopt children from

overseas countries, such as Asia, Africa and Russia, as well as having their

own children has increased the number of blended families, in Australia.

As Australia now is a growing multicultural society it has accepted and

adapted to many multicultural traditions, cultures and beliefs. This has

affected the way all Australians think; as we have a more diverse

background we are more acceptable and adaptive to change in our society.

Divorce was once considered to be a taboo, less than twenty years ago but

statistics have proven that this view has been changed dramatically with, out

of 331 200 marriages 173 600, will end in divorce. Many of these marriages

include children with the average age of the child being seven years old. It

has also proven that women are more likely to gain custody of the children

then men, and in cases like these 14% of divorced dads end up, either not

wanting to see their children or neglecting them emotionally.

When divorce does occur there is a dramatic drop in the family's income,

assistance is sometimes required from the government to provide for the

basic needs, eg food and clothing. As a result of less income the family

members become extremely acceptable to breakdowns and stress, which can

lead to anger and falling out between family members. This can lead to the...
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