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DISCUSS EFFECTS OF THE NEWLY INTRODUCED CURRICULUM ON THE SECONDARY TEACHERS IN THE ZAMBIAN EDUCATION SYSTEM.

By 1990000 Apr 19, 2014 799 Words
EFFECTS OF TEACHING ABSTRACTS CONCEPTS AS TO TRAINING ONE WITHOUT CONCRET EXPERIENCES Teaching is the process by which the teacher brings the learner and the subject together. Therefore, there are three focal points in teaching- the teacher, the learner and the subject. The entire process of teaching can be reduced to something simple enough to be both understandable and useful. This reduction is provided in the form of teaching model. This model consists of the teacher, the student, the subject, teacher preparation and the teaching process. In this essay, efforts will be made to come across the dangers of abstract concepts without concrete of experience when one is teaching. This will be done by trying to relate to the dales cone of experience. “Abstract concepts refer to ideas or concepts that have no physical referents, while concrete concepts are notions based on existing things. Abstract concepts require models B-slim” (11th Jan 2010). Without the representation/experiences, the implementation of the proposed theoretical concepts would pose dangers on the learners which include the following; lack of understanding by learners, loss of interest in learning, loss of confidence in the teacher and failure to meet and achieve specific goals and so on. Kay.N.C (1971)”teaching aids are things which are intended to help the teacher to teach more effectively or a practical better still which enable the pupils to learn more and more readily” pp57:1. In fighting these barriers, the use of instructional aides is very important in learning and teaching as attributed by Dale‘s cone of experience, Dale. E (1969:108) in his experience, he discovered that levels of understanding and the ability to remember depend on the various approaches used when learning. Conversely, the cone never intended to depict value judgment of experiences in other words his arguments wasn’t that more concrete experiences where better than abstract ones such that all approaches could be used depending on the need of the learner. Nevertheless “Training learners in abstract concepts is risky in the sense that the learners will not attach any meaning hence miss out the concept behind the topic resulting them to get confused and losing of confidence in a teacher” Sampath. K.(2007) . For example as a teacher, everyday you in fond off reading text book without detailed explanations, thinking that you are teaching yet you are just confusing them in the process of getting an idea. Dale indicates that learners can only remember 10% out of it because they are using the sense of hearing only. Moreover abstract teaching is bad such that when teaching the students things which they have never seen and in your explanation you are not even mentioning any practical example as related to the topic, this can lead the lesson to be very boring and as a teacher you find it very difficult to catch up the attention of the learners. So to achieve this, you can even intro duce you lesson by creating a scenario or a simple drama which is relating to the topic and ask them what it was all about. As a teacher you should understand that learners have different levels of understanding and learn through different styles learning. So it could be dangerous if your teaching is just based on one style and appealing only to one sense. Learners need to be exposed to the real things which you are teaching. For example if you compare someone have done his secondary school from the village and someone from the city, the one from the village lacks exposure, though he could have the knowledge of something as to the one from town. To conclude, concept formation involves all the senses for it to be concrete or for it to be seen to be real. Furthermore as teachers we should engage all senses when explaining abstract concepts by the use of teaching aids. Likewise, some learners would prefer to discovering things on their own, this is because they want to satisfy their curiosity. Much attention should also be considered when planning for a lesson plan. REFFERNCES

Bslim (11th Feb 2010) Dale’s cone of experience. Available Oline.http//grammer,ccc.comment,edu/grammer/composition/abstract.html.[28th Jan 2014]. Dale. E. (1969) Audiovisual methods in teaching, third edition. The Dryden Press; Holt, Rinehart and Winston: New York. Kay.N.C (1971) Practical Teaching, 1stEdition. Evan brothers: London. Sampath. K.(2007)Introduction to Educational Teachnology,5thEdition Sterling Ltd: Newyork.

THE UNIVERSITY OFZAMBIA
In association with

TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL TEACHERS COLLEGE

NAME: PETER JAIME
STUDENT: 13377
CLASS: EDUCATION
COURSE: EDUCATION TECH
LECTURER: MR NSOMFWA
ASSIGNMENT: ONE (1)
DUE DATE : 3RD JAN, 2014

TASK:…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

LEARNING BY DOING THE UNIVERSITY OFZAMBIA
In association with

TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL TEACHERS COLLEGE

NAME: EMMANUEL KABENGELE
STUDENT: 13377
CLASS: EDUCATION
COURSE: EDUCATION TECH
LECTURER: MR NSOMFWA
ASSIGNMENT: ONE (1)
DATE GIVEN:
DUE DATE : 3RD JAN, 2014

TASK:…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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