Discrimination in the Workplace
Most everyone has suffered discrimination in his or her daily lives. It's something a lot of people have to deal with on a daily basis. Discrimination is a major problem mainly in the employment industry. Even though there are many laws prohibiting discrimination in the workplace, this problem still exist every day and many people don't know how to handle it. Discrimination is defined in civil rights law as "an unfavorable or unfair treatment of a person or class or persons in comparison to others who are not a member of the protected class because of race, sex, color, religion, national origin, age, physical/mental handicap, sexual harassment, sexual orientation, and other factors that may occur".
Employment discrimination laws seek to prevent discrimination as much as possible. Discriminatory practices include bias in hiring, promotion, job assignment, termination, compensation, and various types of harassment. The main body of employment discrimination laws is composed of federal and state statutes. The United States Constitution and a few state constitutions provide additional protection to help the discriminatory practice on the employer. The Fifth and Fourth amendments of the United States Constitution limit the power of the of the federal and state governments to discriminate. The Fifth amendment has a requirement that the federal government can not deprive individuals of "life, liberty, or property", without due process of the law. (US Constitution amendment V.) It also has a guarantee that each person receive equal protection of the laws.
The Equal Pay Act amended the Fair Labor Standards Act in 1963. The Equal Pay Act prohibits paying wages based on sex by employers and unions. It does not prohibit other discriminatory practices bias in hiring. It provides that where workers perform equal work in jobs requiring equal skill, effort, responsibility, and preformed under similar working conditions, that they