Disasters Preparedness

Topics: Emergency management, Emergency evacuation, Civil defense Pages: 44 (9584 words) Published: January 20, 2015
Chapter 1

INTRODUCTION

Disasters are natural or man-made emergency events which have negative economic and social consequences for the affected population. The general welfare of the public is threatened, warranting government intervention to minimize the negative effects of any disaster. At issue is the extent to which the role of personal responsibility by individual citizens should play in disaster management. Government programs utilize taxpayer to assist disaster victims, spreading loss throughout all citizens, while insurance distributes loss across only the pool of affected purchasers. Neither eliminates risk but instead, distributes the burden of loss over larger populations.

This article will discuss the personal activities of individual citizens during the mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery phases of disasters. Highlighted are areas in direct conflict with the successful emergency management of disaster events.(http://archive.ispub.com/journal/the-internet-journal-of-rescue-and-disastermedicine/volume-7-number-2/the-lack-of-disaster-preparedness-by-the-public-and-it-s-affect-on-communities.html#sthash.eMUWjDef.dpbs)

There is now a broad consensus among development agencies (and almost everyone else involved in disaster-related activities) that the best way to confront natural hazards is through strategies that emphasize prevention and preparation. These are strategies which accept the inevitability of hazards—earthquakes, typhoons, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions, flooding, and so forth—but call for actions that can prevent these hazards from turning into disasters, lessen the force and damage of the disasters when they do occur, and facilitate a prompt and full recovery.

This consensus approach, commonly called “disaster risk management,” involves (1) careful assessment of the vulnerability of countries and their populations to natural disasters, (2) prevention or risk reduction measures, which seek to avoid disasters and, when that is impossible, to mitigate the damage they cause, (3) extensive advance preparation so that a quick and effective response can save lives and property following a disaster, and (4) prior efforts to assure that, when disaster strikes, financing is available to cover the costs of rescue, recovery, and rebuilding. What is most critical is that all of these elements of risk management—assessment, prevention, preparation, relief and reconstruction, and financing—are fully integrated into every nation’s development planning. Governments across the region can and should do better. They know that the low-lying areas of their countries are prone to floods—and they have the capacity to stop flooding in some instances, to reduce the amount of flooding in others, and to take measures to curb the human and economic costs of floods.  Governments, at all levels, in these and other vulnerable countries can and should adopt approaches that will help prevent and mitigate damage. Some initiatives can reduce the force of the hazard itself; flooding, for instance, can be contained by protecting wetlands, reforesting hillsides, and installing better drainage systems.  Other measures can increase the durability of buildings and other structures. Bridges and homes, for example, can be made more wind or earthquake resistant. Granting property titles to residents of poor urban or rural settlements encourages more careful land use. And some measures, like early warning systems or evacuation plans, are aimed mainly at saving lives.  What is critical is that disaster risks are fully taken into account in managing natural and settled areas, and in planning and carrying out development projects of all types. (http://www.thedialogue.org/page.cfm?pageID=32&pubID=2751)

Theoretical Framework
`Republic Act No. 10121an act strengthening the Philippine disaster risk reduction and management system, providing for the national disaster risk reduction and management framework and...

Bibliography: (Cited in Calderon and Gonsales, 2007, p.61)
B
Capitol Site, Kalibo, Aklan
December 18, 2013
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