Disaster Management Policies and Systems in Pakistan

Topics: Emergency management, Five-Year Plans of China, Five-year plan Pages: 46 (13698 words) Published: January 6, 2011
A Review of

Disaster Management Policies and Systems in Pakistan

for

WCDR 2005

January, 2005 Islamabad

Abbreviations
1

ADB Asian Development Bank AJK Azad Jammu & Kashmir DCO District Coordination Officer DERA Drought Emergency Relief Assistance DANIDA Danish International Development Assistance ECF Energy Conservation Fund EIA Environmental Impact Assessment ERC Emergency Relief Cell FATA Federally Administered Tribal Areas FFC Federal Flood Commission GDO Goods Dispatch Organization GoP Government of Pakistan HKH Hindu Kush – Himalayan LGO Local Government Ordinance MDGs Millenium Development Goals MF Micro Finance MMTs Medical Mobile Teams MSDP Micro-Finance Sector Development Program NWFP North Western Frontier Province NA Northern Areas NCMC National Crisis Management Cell NDMA National Disaster Management Agency NEAP National Environmental Action Plan NEC National Economic Council NEQS National Environmental Quality Standards NFFB National Flood Forecasting Bureau P&D Planning & Development PCMCs Provincial Crisis Management Cells PIDs Provincial Irrigation Departments PPA Participatory Poverty Assessment PSDP Public Sector Development Program SAARC South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation SUPARCO Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission TMA Tehsil Municipal Administration UC Union Council UNDP United Nations Development Programme UWP Urban Works Program VC Village Council WAPDA Water & Power Development Authority WMO World Meteorological Organization

Table of Contents

2

Page

1

Introduction

1.1- Geography 1.2- Floods 1.3- Drought 1.4- Earthquake 1.5- Cyclone 2 3 4 Disaster Management Policy at National Level National Strategy for Disaster Management

3.1- Flood Management Strategy
Organizations with Overall Disaster Management Responsibilities

4.1- Emergency Relief Cell 4.2- Pakistan Meteorological Department 4.3- Federal Flood Commission 4.4- National Crisis Management Cell 4.5- Civil Defence 4.6- Provincial Relief Departments 4.7- Provincial Irrigation Departments 4.8- Provincial Health Departments 4.9- Provincial Agriculture & Livestock Departments 4.10- Provincial Food Departments 4.11- Communication & Works 4.12- Planning & Development 4.13- Army 4.14- Police 4.15- Dams Safety Council 4.16- SUPARCO 5 Disaster Management and National Plans

5.1- National Five-Year Plans 5.2- First Five-Year Plan 5.3- Fourth Five-Year Plan 5.4- Fifth Five-Year Plan 5.5- Sixth Five-Year Plan 5.6- Eighth Five-Year Plan 5.7- Ninth Five-Year Plan 5.8- Ten-Year Perspective Development Plan 5.8.1- Water Resources Development 5.8.2- Risk Mitigation Fund 5.8.3- Environment 5.8.4- National Environment Action Plan 5.8.5- Energy Conservation Fund 5.8.6- National Conservation Strategy

5.9- Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper
5.9.1- Provincial Perspectives

5.10- Disaster Management and Environment
6 Disaster Management in Regional Bodies

5 5 5 5 6 6 6 7 9 9 9 10 11 12 12 12 12 13 13 13 13 13 13 14 14 14 14 14 15 15 15 15 16 16 17 17 18 18 18 18 19 19 20 21 21

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6.1- South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
6.1.1- Regional Study on the Causes and Consequences of Natural Disasters 6.1.2- Regional Study on Greenhouse Effect and its Impact on the Region 6.1.3- SAARC Plan of Action on Environment 6.1.4- The Colombo Declaration for a Common Environment Program

6.2- Regional Cooperation in Flood Disaster Mitigation in the HKH 7 Legislation for Disaster Mitigation and Management

7.1- The National Calamities (Prevention and Relief) Act, 1958 7.2- Emergency Services Ordinance, 2002 7.3- Local Government Ordinance, 2001 7.4- Environment Legislation 7.4.1- Pakistan Environmental Protection Act, 1997 7.4.2- Karachi Port Trust (Amendment) Ordinance, 1994 7.4.3- National Fund for Cultural Heritage Act, 1994 7.4.4- Agricultural Pesticides (Second Amendment) Ordinance, 1995 7.4.5- AJK Environmental Protection Act, 1996 7.4.6- Federal Environmental Rules and Regulations...

References: Books, Papers and Official Documents 1. Accelerating Economic Growth and Reducing Poverty: The Road Ahead, Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper, Government of Pakistan 2. Alternative Perspective on Disaster Management: A policy Framework for District Government Jhang, by Amjad Bhatti 3. Audit of Natural Disaster Assistance Projects: Lessons From Pakistan Experience, by Mohammed Mohsin Khan 4. Between Hope & Despair – Pakistan participatory Poverty Assessment, National Report, Planning Commission 5. Disaster Communication: A Resource Kit for Media, by Amjad Bhatti and Madhavi Malalgoda Ariyabandu 6. Disaster Management and Mitigation Policies in Pakistan – Present and Future, by Haseeb Athar 7. District Disaster Relief Plan, Tharparker District, Office of the Relief Commissioner, Sindh 8. Development and Disaster Issues in South Asia, by Dr. Krishan Deheragoda 9. Disaster Management in Pakistan, by M. Amjad Shaikh 10. Emergency Services Ordinance, 2002 (Draft) 11. Flood Forecasting System in Pakistan and its Limitations, by Muhammad Munir Sheikh 12. Flood Management in Punjab: Issue Mapping, by Irfan Maqbool 13. Flood Fighting Plan (2003), District Jhang 14. How We Effectively Manage the Flood Disasters in Releif Department Punjab, by Mian Muhammad Zulqarnain Aamir 15. Interim-Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper 16. International Civil Defence Directory 17. Local Government Ordinance, 2001 18. National Disaster Management Agency: Summary for the Cabinet, Cabinet Division 19. National Five-Year Plans, Planning Commission, Pakistan
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20. National Conservation Strategy 21. National Disaster Plan, Disaster Relief Cell, 1974 22. Ninth Five-Year Plan, Report of the Working Group on Health, Nutrition & Narcotics, Planning Commission, October 1997 23. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act, 1997 24. Pakistan Economic Survey 2003-04, Government of Pakistan 25. Preparedness for the Planning Commission – Ninth Five-Year Plan (1998-2003), Issues Paper, Social Policy and Development Centre, Karachi 26. Report on Emergency Response Services in Pakistan, by Dr. Rizwan Naseer for UNDP, May, 2002 27. Reducing Disaster Risk: A Challenge for Development, United Nations Development Programme 28. Role of Economic Policies in Protecting the Environment: The Experience of Pakistan, by Rashid Faruqee 29. Regional Cooperation in Flood Disaster Mitigation in the HKH 30. Sindh Provincial Disaster Plan, 1976, Office of the Relief Commissioner, Sindh 31. The Civil Defence Act, 1952 32. Ten-Year Perspective Development Plan (2001-11) 33. The National Calamities (Relief and Prevention) Act, 1958 Web Sites Visited 1. http://www.pakistan.gov.pk 2. http://www.em-dat.net/disasters 3. http://www.un.org.pk/undp/crises_p/crises_overview.html 4. http://www.met.gov.pk 5. http://www.worldbank.org 6. http://www.saarc-sec.org 7. http://www.southasianfloods.org
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