Disaster can be defined as “The occurrence of a sudden or major misfortune which disrupts the basic fabric and normal functioning of a society, or community.”
“An event or series of events which gives rise to casualties and/or damage or loss of property, infrastructure, essential services or means of livelihood on a scale which is beyond the normal capacity of the affected community’s ability to cope with out aid.”
According to UNISDR Disaster is defined as “A serious disruption of the functioning of a community or a society causing widespread human, material, economic or environmental losses which exceed the ability of the affected community or society to cope using its own resources.”
A disaster is a function of the risk process. It results from the combination of hazards, conditions of vulnerability and insufficient capacity or measures to reduce the potential negative consequences of risk.”
How disasters occur? Disasters are caused by hazards and can take different types and forms depending upon the intensity and nature of hazards. Disasters can be natural or manmade. Natural disasters are due to the result of natural hazards like flood, tornado, hurricane, volcanic eruption, earthquake, or landslide these affects environment, leading to financial, environmental and human losses. The end results of loss depend on the power of the inhabitants to sustain or defense against the disaster, and their resilience. Manmade are those disasters which are caued due to human activities like deforestation, urbanization etc. According to Cuuny disaster can be broadly classified into two categories i.e
1. Cataclysmic/ Rapid on – set disaster
2. Continuing /Long term disasters
1. Cataclysmic / Rapid On-set Disaster
Cataclysmic disasters causes sudden impacts and tremendous amount of suffering and chaos but this situation does not remain for longer period and very soon things begin to improve.
The damaged areas in
Bibliography: * B. Wisner, P. Blaikie, T. Cannon, and I. Davis (2004). At Risk - Natural hazards, people 's vulnerability and disasters. Wiltshire: Rutledge. ISBN ISBN 0-415-25216-4 * D * Weather Encyclopedia, The Weather Channel, Accessed on June 2, 2009, http://www.theweatherchannelkids.com. * BBC: Oxfam warns of climate disasters * III. (2008). 2008 Natural Catastrophe Review * http://www.volunteeringoptions.org/VolunteeringDevelopment/WhatisDevelopment/tabid/78/Default.aspx * Lauring, Kåre (2003) (in Danish). Byen brænder - den store brand i København 1728. Copenhagen: Gyldendal. * Noji EK: The nature of disaster: General characteristics and public health effects. In Noji EK, (ed). The Public Health Consequences of Disasters. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997. pp 3-20. * UN Children’s Fund: The State of the World’s Children 2000. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.