According to Collier (1997) tourism involves three aspects, it involves people(tourists) away from their usual habitat, the activities of people away from their usual habitat will normally give rise to an industry and the activities of both the people and the industry may or will have impact on the host community.
2.0 DISADVANTAGES OF TOURISM
2.1 THREATHEN INDIGENOUS IDENTITY
Tourism gives positive impacts to a country but the impacts arise when tourism brings about changes in value systems and behaviour, thereby threatens indigenous identity. Furthermore, changes often occur in community structure, family relationships, collective traditional life styles, ceremonies and morality.
2.2 CHANGE THE CULTURE
The relationship between tourism and culture is an extremely tense one, both in theory and practice. Modern tourism has been the target of cultural criticism right from the start (Keller, 1984). Large numbers of tourists are as unwelcome as hordes of migrants, since they upset the normal cultural equilibrium of a society or territorial entity.
2.3 INFLUENCE THE LOCAL IDENTITY AND VALUES
Tourism can cause change or loss of local identity and values, brought about by several closely related influences. It can turn local cultures into commodities when religious rituals, traditional ethnic rites and festivals are reduced and sanitized to conform to tourist expectations, resulting in what has been called "reconstructed ethnicity." Once a destination is sold as a tourism product, and the tourism demand for souvenirs, arts, entertainment and other commodities begins to exert influence, basic changes in human values may occur. Sacred sites and objects may not be respected when they are perceived as goods to trade. Destinations risk standardization in the process of satisfying tourists ' desires for familiar facilities. While landscape, accommodation, food and drinks, etc., must meet the tourists ' desire for the new and unfamiliar,
References: Collier, A. (1997) Principles of Tourism: A New Zealand Perspective. 4th edition, Addison Wesley Longman New Zealand Limited, ISBN: 0-5827-3958-7 Keller, P. (1984): Kritische Überlegungen zur tourismkritik, in: KAKIT, Bern