Disabilities Definition Chart And Essay

Powerful Essays
Educating Special Students: Learning Disabilities and Communication Disorders
Kimberly A Pittman
GCU: SPE-226
November 29, 2013

Learning Disabilities and Communication Disorders Chart

Disorder
Definition
Causes
Characteristics
Teaching Strategies
Placement Options
Writing Disabilities

Dysgraphia
A learning disability that effects writing that may involve visual-spatial and language processing difficulties (types, n.d.)
Scientists have found that learning disabilities are related to areas of the brain that deal with language and have used imaging studies to show that
Sometimes, factors that affect a developing fetus, such as alcohol or drug use, can lead to a learning disability.
Poor nutrition and exposure to toxins such as lead in water or paint. Children who do not receive the support necessary to promote their intellectual development early may show signs of learning disabilities (what causes, n.d.).
Illegible handwriting,
Trouble forming letters,
Inconsistent spacing between letters and words,
Inability to write or draw within margins,
Saying words out loud while writing,
Concentrating so hard on writing that comprehension is missed (types, n.d.)

Early Writers
Use paper with raised lines
Try different pens and pencils
Practice writing letters in the air or sand
Encourage proper grip, posture and paper positioning
Young Students
Allow use of print or cursive whatever is more comfortable
Allow extra time for writing assignments
Do not judge timed assignments on neatness and spelling
Use large graph paper for math calculations (What is, n.d.)

Least restrictive environment

General education classroom (inclusion),
Special classes (self-contained),
Both general education and special classrooms,
Special schools,
Home instruction,
Hospitals and institutions
(Virginia’s, n.d.)

Math Disabilities

Dyscalculia
The inability to understand and remember math concepts, rules, formulas, basic computation skills and sequence of operations



References: Child Find. (n.d.). Retrieved on November 25, 2013 from www.wrightslaw.com/info/child.find.index Communication Disorders November, 25, 2013 from http://www.doe.virginia.gov/special_ed/regulations/state/index.shtml Strategies for Learning and Teaching Types of LD. (n.d.). Retrieved on November 26, 2013 from http://www.ncld.org/types-learning-disabilities Virginia’s Guidelines for Educating Students with Specific Learning Disabilities. (n.d.). Retrieved on November 26, 2013 From http://www.doe.virginia.gov/special_ed/disabilities/learning_disabilities_guidelines What Causes Learning Disabilities? (n.d.). Retrieved on November 26, 2013 from https://www.nichd.nih.gov/health/topics/learning/conditioninfo/pages/causes What is Dysgraphia? (n.d.). Retrieved on November 25, 2013 from http://www.ncld.org/types-learning-disabilities/dysgraphia/what-is-dysgraphia What is Dyscalculia? (n.d.). Retrieved on November 25, 2013 from http://www.ncld.org/types-learning-disabilities/dyscalculia/what-is-dyscalculia What is Dyslexia? (n.d.). Retrieved on November 25, 2013 from http://www.ncld.org/types-learning-disabilities/dyslexia/what-is-dyslexia

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