Diploma level 5 HSC
1. Understand the pattern of development that would normally be expected for children and young people from birth-19 yrs.’
Explain the sequence of development that would normally be expected in children and young people from birth to -19 years. See Table below
Children’s Development Table 0-19
Child development is commonly divided into four areas: physical, cognitive, social-emotional, and language and literacy. These four areas are closely related and often overlap.
Physical development refers to the development of large muscles (gross motor) and small muscles (fine motor). Gross motor includes balance, stability, and a child’s ability to control large muscles in the body, especially the arms and legs. Fine motor includes using and coordinating small muscles in the hands and wrists.
Cognitive development refers to the development of children’s thinking, reasoning and problem-solving skills. Children develop their thinking from the simple to the complex and from the concrete to the abstract.
Social-emotional development refers to the process by which children learn to interact with others, communicate and express their feelings, and develop their identity and self-esteem.
Language development refers to the process by which children learn to use symbols and sounds to communicate. Literacy development refers to the process by which children learn to read and write.
During the first six months of life, parents are able to notice the many physical changes their babies go through because they grow at an amazingly fast rate
To learn to trust others and be secure in the world through the performance of the following tasks: learning special concepts, e.g., up, down, near, far; developing the nervous system and muscle coordination; learning mobility and manipulation of the environment through control of hands, legs, head, fingers, etc.; distinguishing pleasure from pain;