Digital Bangladesh: Prospect or Mere Dream

Topics: Higher education, Secondary education, Education Pages: 5 (1535 words) Published: December 14, 2010
An Assignment on
Digital Divide and The Probability of Digital Bangladesh with reference to Education

Submitted To
Md. Saiful Islam
Associate Professor
Chairman, Department of Management
Islamic University, Kushtia

Submitted by
Md. Toufiqur Rahman
BBA (hon’s) 8th Semester
Roll Number: 0405002
Session: 2004-2005
Department of Management
Islamic University, Kushtia

Date of Submission

Table of Contents
Chapter| Title| page|
1| Digital Divide 1.1 Meaning of Digital Divide 1.2 Digital Divide in Bangladesh : A Global Comparison| | 2| Probability of Digital Bangladesh 2021 with reference to Education2.1 Meaning of Digital Bangladesh2.2 Digital Bangladesh in Education| | 3| References | |

Chapter 1
Digital Divide

1.1 Meaning of Digital Divide
This digital revolution has created a brand new economic sector that simply did not exist before. Computers, modern telecommunication and the Internet all reduce communication costs and break down geographical borders. In the developed nations government policies are being established which attempts to ensure that all citizens will get opportunity to access the effective use of ICTs in order to enable them to participate in the educational, social and economic activities and democratic process. Developed countries are getting much benefit from the advancement of ICT. So, there is a digital divide between developed and developing countries. The concept of the digital divide has been used to highlight difference in electronic access to information based on economic, race, ethnic or social group and/or geographical location. The term digital divide has been applied to the gap that exists in most countries between those with ready access to the tools of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs), and those without such access or skills. It is “a gap, which tends to deepen, is produced between those individuals that can access new information and communication tools such as phones, TV sets or the Internet, and those who are too poor to get them between the have’s and the have nots” (de Munster, 2004). People living in developed countries have the best access to the fastest computers, best telephone services, competitive Internet Service Providers, and a wealth of content and training relevant to their lives. On the other hand, people living in developing countries have limited access or no access at all to these technologies. The group “have nots” also don’t have the more ability to use ICTs and even they don’t know that technology can make their life easier. The real gap between these two groups of people is called the “digital divide” (Giri, 2002). Digital divide also refers to a “perceived inequality in access to, distribution, and use of information technology between two or more populations” ( The digital divide – the gap between those who have access and the ability to use ICT, and those who do not – remains vast access. (Legard, 2001): For example 1. The total Internet bandwidth in Africa is equal to that in the Brazilian city of Sao Paolo. 2. The total Internet bandwidth in all of Latin America is equal to that in Seoul, South Korea. 3. In the United States, 54.3 percent of citizens use the Internet, compared to a global average of 6.7 percent. In the Indian subcontinent, the proportion is 0.4 percent. 1.2 Digital Divide in Bangladesh: A Global Comparison

The ICT status of Bangladesh is not remarkable without some favorable initiatives by the Government and by private entrepreneurs. Computer use in Bangladesh started with a mainframe computer in 1964. The Internet came in Bangladesh in 1993 and IP connectivity in 1996. In April 2000, the Government withdraws taxes on VSAT after that, the use of Internet scenario of the country has been changing rapidly. Presently, there are nearly 266 ISPs serving for accountholders-based connectivity with more than 500,000 users. The Ministry of...

de Munster, IL (2004)
Giri, J (2002). Digital Divide. Paper presented at ICT and development for computer
association of Nepal IT conference, January 26-27, 2002 in Kathmandu.
World Bank (2005)
World Bank (2006)
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