digestive system

Topics: Digestion, Gastroenterology, Digestive system Pages: 5 (566 words) Published: February 16, 2014
 DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
FUNCTION
-The digestive system is a group of organs working together to convert food into energy and basic nutrients to feed the entire body. Food passes through a long tube inside the body known as the alimentary canal or the gastrointestinal tract (GI tract). The alimentary canal is made up of the oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestines, and large intestines. In addition to the alimentary canal, there are several important accessory organs that help your body to digest food but do not have food pass through them. Accessory organs of the digestive system include the teeth, tongue, salivary glands, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas. To achieve the goal of providing energy and nutrients to the body, six major functions take place in the digestive system: Ingestion

Secretion
Mixing and movement
Digestion
Absorption
Excretion
AILMENTS
1. INDIGESTION – refers to the discomfort felt in the upper stomach . SYMPTOMS :
Bloating (full feeling)
Belching and gas
Nausea and vomiting
Acidic taste
Growling stomach
Burning in the stomach or upper abdomen
Abdominal pain
RECOMMENDATIONS :
1. Avoid fatty foods and spicy foods.
2. Eat slowly.
3. Take antacids.

2. FLATULENCE (Kabag) – a feeling of bloated stomach .

SYMPTOMS :
Episodes of flatulence occur frequently, often involuntarily When an episode of flatulence occurs, a lot of wind is released Farting is consistently foul-smelling
There may be sharp, jabbing pains (cramps) in the abdomen. Sometimes they may change location, within the abdomen A bloated feeling in the abdomen
A knotted sensation in the abdomen
RECOMMENDATIONS :

1. Eating slowly . Chew your food well .
2. Avoid stress .

3. CONSTIPATION – infrequent and difficult passing out of hard dry feces .

SYMPTOMS :
Rectal bleeding
Abdominal pain and cramps
Nausea
Vomiting
Involuntary loss of weight
RECOMMENDATIONS :

1. Establish the habit of going to the toilet .
2. Eat food with fibers .
3. Drink more fluids .

4. GASTRIC ULCER – damaged lining of the stomach .

SYMPTOMS :
Abdominal pain
May wake you at night
May be relieved by antacids or milk
May occur 2 to 3 hours after a meal
May be worse if you don''t eat
Nausea
Abdominal indigestion
Vomiting, especially vomiting blood
Blood in stools or black, tarry stools
Unintentional weight loss
Fatigue
RECOMMENDATIONS :
1. Avoid smoking , drinking alcohol , coffee and tea .
2. Eat meals regularly .

5. HEPATITIS - it is an inflammation of the liver caused by virus , drugs of chemicals . -HEPA A – is a spread from the feces of an infected person which may contaminate food and water . -HEPA B – is spread through blood transfusion .

SYMPTOMS :
Diarrhea
Fatigue
Loss of appetite
Mild fever
Muscle or joint aches
Nausea
Slight abdominal pain
Vomiting
Weight loss
RECOMMENDATIONS :

1. Vaccines and drugs .

6. DIARRHEA – is the frequent movement of liquid bowel .

SYMPTOMS :
Frequent loose, watery stools
Abdominal cramps
Abdominal pain
Fever
Bleeding
Lightheadedness or dizziness from dehydration
RECOMMENDATIONS :

1. Drink plenty of water .
2. Take ORS ( Oral Rehydration Solution )

7. INTESTINAL PARASITES – are worms that invade the digestive tract usally through food and water .

SYMPTOMS :
Abdominal pain
Bloating
Cramping and coughing
RECOMMENDATIONS :

1. Give laxative to expel the worms from the body .

8. APPENDICITIS – an inflamed and swollen appendix .

SYMPTOMS :
Dull pain near the navel or the upper or lower abdomen that becomes sharp as it moves to the lower right abdomen; this is usually the first sign, but it only occurs in half of appendicitis cases. Loss of appetite

Nausea and/or vomiting soon after abdominal pain begins
Abdominal swelling
Temperature of 99 to 102 degrees Farenheit
Constipation or diarrhea with gas
Inability to pass gas
RECOMMENDATIONS :

1. Surgery...
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