Different Types of Sentences

Topics: Argumentative, Logic, Critical thinking Pages: 12 (3016 words) Published: October 8, 2013


2. Raj wants to audition for a local rock band. He plays guitar but is also a good drummer. The band plays gigs all over the city and therefore Raj would need a car to transport his drum kit around with him to gigs. Raj does not have enough money to buy a car and consequently it might be better if he auditioned on guitar.

3. Coffee contains caffeine, which is a stimulant. Taking any stimulant before going to bed stops you from sleeping soundly and so drinking coffee before going to bed will stop you from sleeping soundly. A bad night’s sleep may lead you to feel tired in the morning. Therefore drinking coffee before going to bed may cause you to feel tired in the morning.

2. Raj wants to audition for a local rock band. He plays guitar but is also a good drummer. The band plays gigs all over the city and therefore Raj would need a car to transport his drum kit around with him to gigs. Raj does not have enough money to buy a car and consequently it might be better if he auditioned on guitar.

3. Coffee contains caffeine, which is a stimulant. Taking any stimulant before going to bed stops you from sleeping soundly and so drinking coffee before going to bed will stop you from sleeping soundly. A bad night’s sleep may lead you to feel tired in the morning. Therefore drinking coffee before going to bed may cause you to feel tired in the morning. Answers for TS 2.6 Practice

R1 Raj wants to audition for a local rock band.
R2 He plays guitar but is also a good drummer.
R3 The band play gigs all over the city.
IC Raj will need a car to transport his drum kit around with him to gigs. R4 Raj does not have enough money to buy a car.
C It might be better if he auditioned on guitar.

R1 Coffee contains caffeine, which is a stimulant
R2 Taking any stimulant before going to bed stops you from sleeping soundly IC drinking coffee before going to bed will stop you from sleeping soundly R3 A bad night’s sleep may lead you to feel tired in the morning C drinking coffee before going to bed may cause you to feel tired in the morning.

Thinking as a Skill
2.1
Claims, Assertions, Statements

Claims and Assertions
•A claim or assertion is an expression that is ___supposedly true_____ •Supposedly true, because not all claims or assertions are true. •Some claims are not __straightforwardly__ true
•A __denial__ is an assertion that is not so.

Claims…
•Expressed by a __sentence_____
•States ____facts_______
•Expresses _opinions______
•Can be a _belief_______( or judgment or opinion); and unless or until there is more factual evidence, it will remain so. •Can be __subjective______; each individual person decides its truth.

Types of Sentences
•There are three types of sentences
–Declarative ____statement____

–Interrogative-____question____

–Imperative-____command____

Types of Claims
•A fact is a __true____ statement (informative)

•Value judgments are claims that are __opinions___ about the perceived value or worth or rightness or wrongness of a subject

•__Predictions______ are claims that something may or may not be true because it is still in the future or is as yet unverified

•___Hypotheses_______ are claims that scientists treat as fact; should be understood as probabilities of a very high order

•__Recommendations______ are claims that are suggestions, not straightforwardly true or false.

Example
•How would you describe each of the following statements in terms of truth or falsity? a)Memphis (Egypt) is south of Cairo.

This is a claim and a fact.
b) Dinosaurs were cold-blooded.
This is a claim and a hypothesis or belief
c)Top football players are paid obscenely high wages.
This is a claim and a value judgment.

Functions of Language Activity
•http://online.santarosa.edu/philo/tutorial/index.html
•Username: philo
•Password: sophy

2.3 Argument
What is an argument?
An argument is a complex claim used to...
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